It’s More Fun to be a Statistician!
by Jose Ramon G. Albert, Ph.D 1                                        Filipino version


It’s More Fun to be a Statistician!Hal Varian, chief economist at Google, was quoted to have said:  “the sexy job in the next 10 years will be statisticians, and I’m not kidding,” (See, .e.g., Steve Lohr’s article For Today’s Graduate, Just One Word:  Statistics 2 I certainly would not have become a statistician if I did not agree with Hal Varian.  When I was in high school, my fourth year Math teacher Mr. Irineo David encouraged me to be an actuary. I opted to take a Bachelor of Science in Applied Mathematics degree with concentration in Statistics at De La Salle University, and eventually took graduate studies in Statistics overseas. I was always fascinated with games of chance and thought that learning probability and statistics would teach me how to improve my chances of winning mahjong or the lotto. But in college and graduate school, what I learned and understood from my studies in statistics was the law of gambler’s ruin--- that in the long run, a player in a game of chance always loses!  So those of you who start to lose in a game of chance, and who think there is time to recover, be forewarned about the law of gambler’s ruin, i.e., if you keep playing on, you lose all your finite money against a house with much more (i.e., infinite) money!

The more I learned statistics and statistical modeling, the more I saw how data can help us discover exciting patterns and trends, so that we can become better off than what we are now.  But we also have to be conscious of an interesting point made by Nicolas Taleb in his books “The Black Swan” and “Fooled by Randomness” --- that statistical forecasting can only bring you so far because there are outliers that can defy patterns, that not all events can be predicted well by statistical models, that although a pig can expect to be fed everyday by his master, at some point, it gets slaughtered. But I digress. Let me go back to our main point, that it is more fun to be a statistician, especially a statistician in government.

In its December 2012 publication of “Labor Market Trends”, the Bureau of Local Employment (BLE) of the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) featured the top 10 high-paying jobs in the Philippines 3 . The job of statisticians ranked 10th in BLE list of top 10 high-paying occupations in the country (Table 1) with a median salary of Php 35,010/ month. Such ranking was based on the 2010 survey conducted by the Bureau of Labor and Employment Statistics (BLES) on the Average Monthly Wage Rates of Time-Rate Workers on Full-Time Basis in selected industries and occupations. The BLES survey defines statisticians as “technical persons who use mathematical techniques to analyze and interpret collected data, draw conclusions and present their findings”. Moreover, “statisticians work in offices doing desk work, however, they may also travel in order to supervise data gathering through surveys and questionnaires they have designed.” For entry-level, this job requires a bachelor’s degree related to Statistics and Mathematics. A master’s degree in Statistics or Mathematics, on one hand, is required for occupations needing advanced level of expertise, while Ph.D. is required generally for research and academic jobs. Because of such range of capabilities of statisticians, being employed in any industry is very easy.

In the United States, an actuary consistently ranks among the top highly valued jobs. According to a compiled survey of CareerCast 4 , a career guidance website, an actuary tops the list among the 10 best jobs in 2013 in the United States. CNN Money 5 defined an actuary as a job entailing the use of “statistics to estimate risks, usually for insurance companies (e.g., setting prices for insurance contracts and advise insurance companies just how much money they should set aside to pay out for future claims).” In other words, an actuary is a statistician also. Referring back to Table 1, an actuary in the Philippines is also among the highly-compensated occupations with a median monthly salary of Php 35,480.00. This only shows how broad the field of Statistics, is and how fast it is expanding and evolving. As Alan Agresti 6 , a distinguished professor and author of books in the field of statistics, put it in words, “Statistics is an evolving field, rather than a fixed toolbox.” Statistical science currently plays key roles in several areas and will surely become important in the future to areas “we cannot currently visualize.”

The eminent statistician Bradley Efron summarized in 1998 7 the diversity of applications of statistics, but also pointed out that statistical science continues to be esoteric to the public: “During the twentieth century, statistical thinking and methodology have become the scientific framework for literally dozens of fields including education, agriculture, economics, biology and medicine, and with increasing influence recently on the hard sciences such as astronomy, geology and physics. In other words, we have grown from a small obscure field into a big obscure field.”  When I and Ambeth Ocampo were confreres in religious life, he used to tell me that to learn statistics, he needed to use the other side of his brain.

There are statisticians like myself who work in government, who make big efforts to make statistics more understandable to the general public, perhaps in part because of my orientation as an academician and trainer. I have actually been working in government since 1999 after leaving religious life, but I have been going from one government job to another, but always applying statistical science in my jobs as head researcher and head trainer of the Statistical Research and Training Center, as Senior Research Fellow at the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, and now as head of the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB).  But in addition to these posts, I have always had part time faculty positions at various higher educational institutions.

Statistical offices in the Philippine Statistical System (PSS) that produce a continuous flow of information – social, demographic, economic, and environmental – perform such mandates to assist policy and decision-makers, as well as the research community, the general public, and other stakeholders of data. The official statistics that we produce from either compiling data from various sources, or aggregating primary data from surveys, censuses and administrative reporting systems, serve as photographs of the country’s socio economic conditions.  These photographs have their own limitations, depending on the cameras we use. But the photographs are meant to give people inputs on what can be done today, so that we can have a better tomorrow.  They are merely telling us a story, and we have to learn to listen to that story.

The NSCB, together with other major statistical agencies in the PSS engaged in producing official statistics, such as the National Statistics Office, the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, the BLES and the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas carefully produce these statistics to ensure that they are fit for use through the guidance of the United Nations Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics (FPOS).8  Major sstatistical agencies and other statistics offices in the PSS must ensure accuracy in the compilation and generation of statistics up to its dissemination. We carefully plan out methodologies for data collection, and come up with methodologies for the generation of the official statistics based on the data we compile and/or collect. We try to make sure that the processes we observe can withstand scrutiny by the scientific community. Official statistics need to be credible and meaningful to the public, in general, and policy makers and decision makers, in particular.

An important principle being followed by statistical agencies is the impartiality of the compilation and release of data. This principle binds official statisticians serving in the government to be accountable to the people and to honor the citizens’ entitlement to public information by remaining independent of any political interference.  We even have advance release calendars on when we are scheduled to release information so the public can be guided accordingly. I remember when I was first starting my government service at SRTC,  Dr. Tito Mijares, erstwhile pillar of statistics in the Philippines, told me that when he headed the then National Census and Statistics Office, President Ferdinand Marcos called him to Malacañan to ask him to delay the release of some official statistics, but Dr. Mijares said he could not.  How many people in this country then could refuse a request from the President?

This impartiality and independence from the powers can also put the role of official statisticians under threat. Very recently, Andreas Georgiou, the chief statistician of Greece who serves as head of the Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT), is a case in point. He was hired to bring Greece’s debt statistics in line with the European norms, but is now faced with the threat of being jailed (with two of his ELSTAT managers)  for allegedly producing an inflated budget deficit figure. The global statistical community through the International Statistical Institute, however, has come to the defense of Mr. Georgiou and the ELSTAT by pointing out that the figures released by ELSTAT are within the statistical standards set forth by the European Union.9 

Hopefully, Mr. Georgiou’s experience will not daunt, but rather, challenge aspiring statisticians to join the pool of professionals in government whose calling is to hurdle computations and tell a story behind the numbers.  Those interested in learning statistics may be guided by Table 2, listing the country’s 25 higher education institutions (HEIs) that offer undergraduate and graduate programs in Statistics. These HEIs are concentrated mostly in Luzon (48%). Eight HEIs (32%) offer statistics programs in Visayas, while the remaining 20% are in Mindanao. All of the HEIs offering graduate programs in Statistics are in Luzon.

The stories behind the numbers are what makes my job as a statistician fun!  When I was being interviewed by Maria Ressa on Rappler a few weeks ago, I was asked how we at the NSCB can manage to keep our very competent and professional staff from leaving. One of the NSCB staff responded and said how happy she is to work at the NSCB!  It’s more fun to work at the NSCB!

We may not earn the highest salaries at the NSCB, but I am often amazed at the professionalism and dedication of the staff we have at NSCB. We not only release figures but also try to relate all the numbers we compile to something that interests the common tao, (or at least we try to). For instance, last February, the news media got excited with our online article that carried the story about the ratio of single males to single females across the regions.10  This article also featured many things about the love month. Many people across government and in the private sector have also been very encouraged about how the economy has been performing when we presented our estimates of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the third and fourth quarter of last year.11 By the way, we shall be having our estimates of the economic performance for the first quarter of this year (and revisions of estimates of quarters for 2010, 2011 and 2012 by end of the month. ABANGAN! 


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Filipino Version


It’s More Fun na Maging isang Statistician ! 
Ni Jose Ramon G. Albert, Ph.D.1

Sinabi ni Hal Varian, punong ekonomista ng Google, na “ang sexy na trabaho sa susunod na 10 taon ay ang pagiging statistician, at hindi ako nagbibiro,” (Tingnan, hal., artikulo ni Steve Lohr’s For Today’s Graduate, Just One Word: Statistics2.) Hindi ako magiging isang statistician kung hindi ako sumasang-ayon kay Hal Varian. Noong ako ay nasa mataas na paaralan, hinikayat ako ni Mr. Irineo David, ang aking guro sa Matematika, na maging isang aktuwaryo. Ako ay nagpasyang kumuha ng Bachelor of Science in Applied Mathematics degree na may concentration sa Estadistika sa De La Salle University, at kalaunan kumuha ako ng graduate studies ukol sa Estadistika sa ibayong dagat. Lagi akong nabibighani sa mga larong sugal at naisip ko na ang pag-aaral ng posibilidad at estadistika ay magtuturo sa akin kung paano pagbutihin ang aking mga pagkakataong manalo sa mahjong o sa Lotto. Ngunit noong ako ay nasa kolehiyo at graduate school, ang natutunan at naintindihan ko mula sa aking pag-aaral ng estadistika ay ang law of gambler’s ruin--- ayon dito, sa katagalan, ang isang manlalaro sa sugal ay palaging talo! Kaya sa inyo na gustong magsugal  at nag-iisip na may oras pa upang makabawi kung kayo’y natatalo, ay inaabisuhan ko na kayo tungkol sa law of gambler’s ruin. Huwag kalilimutan na ayon dito, kung mananatili kayo sa inyong pagsusugal, mawawala ang lahat ng inyong mga pera laban sa isang kalarong mas marami pang pera (tulad ng mga bahay pasugalan)!

Habang tumatagal ang aking pagiintindi sa estadistika at mga statistical model, mas nakikita ko kung paano makakatulong ang mga datos sa atin na matuklasan ang  pattern at trend,  upang sa gayon ay maaari tayong maging mas mahusay kaysa sa kung saan tayo ngayon naroon. Ngunit dapat tayong magkaroon ng kamalayan sa mga kawili-wiling punto ni Nicolas Taleb na sinulat niya sa kanyang mga aklat na 'The Black Swan' at 'Fooled by Randomness' --- na ang statistical forecasting ay hindi makapaghula sa mga outliers na maaaring sumalungat sa mga ating expectation; hindi lahat ng mga kaganapan ay maaaring mahulaan sa pamamagitan ng mga statistical model; na bagama't araw araw pinapakain ang isang baboy ng kanyang panginoon, may araw rin naman na ang baboy ay kakatayin. Ngunit ako ay lumihis sa pinag-uusapan. Hayaan ninyo akong bumalik sa ating pangunahing punto, masayang maging statistician, lalo na ang maging isang statistician sa pamahalaan.

Ayon sa nilathala na Disyembre 2012 'Trends Labor Market', ng Bureau of Local Employment (BLE) ng Department of Labor at Employment (DOLE),  ang trabahong statistician ay ikasampu sa mga nangungunang 10 trabahong may mataas na sahod sa Pilipinas3. Isinasaad sa Talaan 1 na ang panggitnang buwanang suweldo ng isang statistician ay umaabot sa PHP 35,010. Ang nasabing impormasyon ay batay sa 2010 survey na isinagawa ng Bureau ng Labor at Employment Statistics (BLES) ukol sa Average Monthly Wage Rate ng Time-Rate Workers sa Full-Time na batayan sa mga napiling industriya at trabaho. Ang BLES survey ay tumutukoy sa statisticians bilang “teknikal na tao na gumagamit ng mga diskarte sa matematika upang pag-aralan at bigyang-kahulugan ang mga nakolektang datos, makagawa ng konklusyon at ipakita ang kinalabasan nito’. Dagdag pa rito, “ang mga statisticians ay nagtatrabaho sa opisina ng desk work, gayunpaman, maaari rin silang maglakbay upang mangasiwa sa pangangalap ng mga datos ng mga pagsisiyasat at questionnaires na kanilang dinisenyo.” Para sa entry-level, ang trabaho na ito ay nangangailangan ng kurso na may kaugnayan sa Estadistika at Matematika. Ang isang master’s degree sa Estadistika o Matematika, sa isang dako, ay kinakailangan para sa trabaho nangangailangan ng mas maunlad na antas ng kadalubhasaan, habang ang Ph.D. sa pangkalahatan ay kinakailangan para sa pananaliksik at akademikong mga trabaho. Dahil gaya ng hanay ng mga kakayahan ng mga statisticians, ang pagtatrabaho sa anumang industriya ay napakadali.

Sa Estados Unidos, ang aktuwaryo naman ay patuloy na tumatayo bilang kasama sa mga lubos na nagkakahalagang trabaho. Ayon sa isang pagsisiyasat na tinipon ng CareerCast4, sa isang career guidance website, ang aktuwaryo ang nanguna sa listahan ng pinakamahusay na 10 trabaho para sa 2013 sa Estados Unidos. Tinuturing ng CNN Money5ang  aktuwaryo bilang isang trabaho na nangangailangan ng paggamit ng mga estadistika upang tantyahin ang mga panganib, kadalasan ng mga kumpanya ng pagseseguro (insurance) (tulad halimbawa ng pagtatakda ng mga presyo para sa mga kontrata ng seguro, at payuhan ang mga kumpanya ng pagseseguro kung magkano ang perang dapat nilang itabi upang mabayaran ang mga future claim).” Samakatwid, ang isang aktuwaryo ay isang statistician din. Ayon sa Talaan 1, ang isang aktuwaryo sa Pilipinas ay nabibilang sa mga trabahong may mataas na sahod na may panggitnang buwanang suweldo na PHP 35,480.00. Ito lamang ay nagpapakita kung gaano kalawak ang larangan ng estadistika, at kung gaano kabilis ang paglawak at pag-usbong nito. Ayon kay Alan Agresti6, isang kilalang propesor at may-akda ng mga libro sa larangan ng mga estadistika,  “ang Estadistika ay isang umuusbong na larangan, kaysa  isang nakapirming toolbox.” Ang agham ng Estadistika ay mahalaga sa iba’t ibang mga larangan at tiyak din na magiging mahalaga ito sa hinaharap para sa bagay na “hindi natin kayang maisalarawan.”

Sinabi ng bantog na statistician na si Bradley Efron noong 19987 na malawak ang mga aplikasyon ng estadistika, at pinupunto din niya na sayang at patuloy na hindi masyadong naiintindihan ng publiko ang siyensya ng Statistics: “Sa panahon ng ika-dalawampung siglo, ang estadistikang pag-iisip at pamamaraan ay naging  pang-agham na balangkas para sa dose-dosenang mga larangan kabilang ang edukasyon, agrikultura, ekonomiya, byolohiya at panggagamot, at kapansin-pansin din, ang pagtaas ng impluwensiya nito kamakailan sa hard sciences tulad ng astronomiya, heolohiya at pisika. Sa madaling salita, ito ay lumago mula sa isang maliit na nakatagong larangan sa isang malaking nakatagong larangan.” Noong ako at si Ambeth Ocampo ay magkasama sa relihiyosong pamumuhay, sinasabi nya sa akin na upang matutunan ang estadistika, kinakailangan nyang gamitin ang isang bahagi ng kanyang utak na di niya halos ginagamit.

May mga statistician na tulad ko na nagtatrabaho sa pamahalaan, kung saan gumagawa kami ng malaking pagsisikap upang ang estadistika ay mas maintindihan ng pangkalahatang publiko, marahil sa isang bahagi dahil na rin sa aking oryentasyon bilang isang propesor at tagapagsanay. Ako ay  nagtatrabaho sa pamahalaan simula pa noong 1999 pagkatapos kong umalis sa  relihiyosong pamumuhay, ngunit ako ay nagpalipat-lipat ng trabaho sa loob na pamahalaan. Ngunit palagian  kong ginagamit ang agham pang-estadistika sa aking  trabaho bilang pinuno tagapagpananaliksik at pinunong tagapagsanay ng Statistical Research and Training Center, bilang Senior Research Fellow sa Surian sa mga Pag-aaral Pangkaunlaran ng Pilipinas (Philippine Institute for Development Studies), at ngayon bilang pinuno ng Pambansang Lupon sa Ugnayang Pang-Estadistika (National Statistical Coordination  Board). Ngunit bukod sa mga posisyon na ito, palagi akong nagkakaroon ng part time na trabaho bilang guro sa iba't-ibang matataas na institusyong pang edukasyon.

Ang mga tanggapang pang-estadistika sa Philippine Statistical System (PSS) na nagbubuo ng isang tuloy-tuloy na pagdaloy ng impormasyon - panlipunan, demograpiko, pang-ekonomiya, at pangkapaligiran – ay gumaganap sa kautusang tulungan ang mga policy at decision-makers, pati na rin ang komunidad ng pananaliksik, ang pangkalahatang publiko, at iba pang mga stakeholder ng mga datos. Ang opisyal na estadistika na aming ginagawa sa pagkakalap ng mga datos mula sa iba't-ibang mga pinagkukunan, o pangunahing pinagsasama-samang datos mula sa mga survey, census at sistema ng administratibong pag-uulat, ay magsisilbing larawan ng socio-economic na kondisyon ng ating bansa. Ang mga larawang ito ay mayroong mga limitasyon, depende sa mga camera na ating ginagamit.  Subalit  ang mga larawang ito ay sinadya upang mabigyan ang mga tao ng input para mapag-isipan kung ano ang maaaring gawin sa ngayon, nang sa gayon maaari tayong magkaroon ng isang mas mabuting kinabukasan. Ito ay nagsasabi lamang ng isang kuwento, at kailangan lamang natin matutunang makinig sa kuwento na ipinahahatid ng mga datos.

Ang NSCB, kasama ng iba pang mga pangunahing estadistikal na  ahensya sa PSS tulad ng National Statistical Office, ang Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, ang BLES at ang Bangko Sentral Ng Pilipinas, ay maingat na nagbubuo ng mga estadistika upang matiyak na ito ay akmang gamitin. Gabay namin ang United Nations Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics (FPOS)8. Sinisiguro ng mga nangungunang estadistikal na ahensya at iba pang mga estadistikang tanggapan sa PSS ang mga proseso sa pagtitipon at pagbubuo ng mga estadistika hanggang sa pagpapakalat nito. Maingat na binabalangkas ang mga pamamaraan para sa pagkolekta ng datos, at tinitiyak na makabuo ng mga pamamaraan para sa paglikha ng mga opisyal na estadistika batay sa datos na natipon o di kaya’y nakolekta. Dapat ding siguraduhin na ang mga prosesong inoobserbahan namin ay kayang malagpasan ang masusing pagsisiyasat ng mga dalubhasa sa agham. Ang opisyal na estadistika ay kinakailangan na maging kapani-paniwala at makahulugan lalo na sa publiko, sa pangkalahatan, at sa mga gumagawa ng patakaran at decision-makers.

Isang mahalagang prinsipyo na sinusunod ng mga estadistikal na ahensiya ay ang kawalang-pinapanigan hinggil sa pagtitipon at paglalabas ng mga datos. Ang prinsipyong ito ay nagsasailalim sa mga opisyal na estadistiko na tulad ko na naglilingkod sa pamahalaan upang managot sa mga pangkaraniwang tao, at upang ipang makatuwid sa mga mamamayan ang karapatan sa pampublikong impormasyon sa pamamagitan ng pagiging  malaya sa anumang gambala ayon sa pulitika. Mayroon ding advance release calendars kung kailan naka-iskedyul ang pagpapahayag ng impormasyon para gabayan nang naaayon ang publiko. Natatandaan ko pa noong  nagsisimula pa lamang ako ng pagseserbisyo sa gobyerno sa SRTC, sinabi sa akin ng yumaong si Dr. Tito Mijares, na isang haligi ng estadistika sa Pilipinas, na noong siya ay namumuno sa National Census and Statistics Office, ipinatawag siya ni Presidente Ferdinand Marcos sa Malacañan upang antalahin ang pagpapahayag ng ilang opisyal na estadistika, ngunit tinanggihan ni Dr. Mijares ang utos ng Presidente. Gaano ba karaming tao sa bansang ito noong panahong iyon ang makakatanggi sa isang kahilingan mula sa Presidente (Marcos)?

Ang kawalang-kinikilingan at pagsasarili mula sa may kapangyarihan ay maaaring naglalagay ng banta sa aming mga opisyal na statistician. Kamakailan lamang, si Andreas Georgiou, ang punong estadistiko ng Greece na naglilingkod bilang pinuno ng Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT), ay isang halimbawa nitong puntong ito. Siya ay nilukluk sa pwesto upang ang Greece’s debt statistics ay maiwasto, ngunit ngayon siya ay nahaharap sa bantang pagkabilanggo (kasama ang kanyang dalawang tagapamahala sa ELSTAT) para sa di-umano'y paggawa ng isang napalaking budget deficit figure. Ipinapagtanggol ng global statistical community sa pamamagitan ng International Statistical Institute, si Mr. Georgiou at ang ELSTAT sa pamamagitan ng pagpunto na ang mga estadistika ukol sa utang ng bansang Greece na inilabas sa pamamagitan ng ELSTAT ay napapaloob sa estadistikal na  pamantayan na itinakda ng European Union9.

Sana, ang karansan ni Mr. Georgiou ay hindi katakutan, sa halip, ay magsilbing hamon sa mga  nagmimithing statistician upang makiisa sa aming mga mga propesyonal na nagsisilibi sa gobyerno upang ipagpatuloy nila ang kanilang bokasyon  sa pagtutuon at pagpapahayag ng kuwento sa likod ng mga numero. Sa mga interesadong mag-aral ng Statistics, maaari ninyong tingnan ang Talaan 2, na naglilista ng 25 higher education institutions (HEIs) na may undergraduate at graduate na mga programa para sa Estadistika. Karamihan sa HEIs na may programa sa estadistika ay  nasa Luzon (48%). Walong HEIs (32%) ang nasa Visayas, habang ang natitirang 20% ​​ay nasa Mindanao. Ang lahat ng mga HEIs na may graduate program para  sa Estadistika ay nasa Luzon.

Ang mga kuwento sa likod ng mga numero ang dahilan kung bakit ang aking trabaho bilang isang statistician ay lubhang masaya! Noong ako ay kinakapanayam ni Maria Ressa ng Rappler ilang linggo na ang nakakaraan, ako ay tinanong kung paano namin napapanatili sa NSCB ang aming mga may kakayahang propesyonal na kawani. Isa sa mga kawani ng NSCB ang sumagot at nabanggit niya kung gaano siya kasaya sa pagtatrabaho sa NSCB! It’s more fun na magtrabaho sa NSCB!

Hindi man kami kumikita ng sobrang taas na sahod sa NSCB, subalit ako ay kadalasang namamangha sa propesyunalismo at dedikasyon ng mga kawani namin sa NSCB. Hindi lamang sa paglalathala ng mga figures pati na rin sa pagsubok na maiugnay ang lahat ng mga numero na natipon  sa mga bagay na makakapagbigay ng interest sa mga karaniwang tao, (kahit na kami ay sumusubok lamang). Halimbawa, noong Pebrero, kitang-kita na nagalak ang news media sa aming online na artikulo na may kuwento tungkol sa proporsyon ng mga binatang lalaki sa dalagang babae sa bawat rehiyon ng bansa10. Pinag-usapan din sa artikulong ito ang maraming bagay tungkol sa buwan ng pag-ibig. Maraming mga tao sa pamahalaan at pribadong sektor ang nahihikayat  tungkol sa pagbulusok ng ating ekonomiya ayon sa ipinakita namin na mga pagtatantya sa Gross Domestic Product (GDP) para sa ikatlo at ikaapat na quarter ng nakaraang taon11. Bago ang lahat, kami ay magkakaroon ng pag-uulat ng kaganapan sa ating ekonomiyang para sa unang quarter ng taon na ito, at mga rebisyon ng mga pagtatantya ng quarters para sa 2010, 2011 at 2012. Ilalabas namin ang mga estadistikang ito sa katapusan ng buwan. ABANGAN!

Kung kayo ay may reaksyon o ibang pananaw ukol sa artikulong ito, mangyari lamang na sumulat sa may akda sa email address

1 Secretary General of the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB). The NSCB, a statistical agency functionally attached to the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA), is the highest policy making and coordinating body on statistical matters in the Philippines. Immediately prior to his appointment at NSCB, Dr. Albert was a Senior Research Fellow at the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, a policy think tank attached to NEDA. Dr. Albert finished summa cum laude with a Bachelor of Science degree in Applied Mathematics from the De La Salle University in 1988. He completed a Master of Science in Statistics from the State University of New York at Stony Brook in 1989 and a Ph.D. in Statistics from the same university in 1993. He is a Professorial Lecturer at the Decision Sciences and Innovation Department of Ramon V. Del Rosario College of Business, De La Salle University. He is also a past President of the Philippine Statistical Association, a Fellow of the Social Weather Stations, and an Elected Regular Member of the National Research Council of the Philippines.

This article was co-written by Alma S. Bello and Faith Hyacinth M. Balisacan, OIC Division Chief and Statistical Coordination Officer (SCO) II, respectively, of the NSCB. This article was translated in Filipino by Virginia M. Bathan of NSCB. The authors thank Dir. Regina S. Reyes and Gretchen M. Sacang of NSCB for the assistance in the preparation of the article. The views expressed in the article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the NSCB and its Technical Staff.






7 Efron_RAFisherInThe21stCentury.pdf


9 BUCKET/General/NWS_ISI_080313_EN.pdf

10 Albert, Jose Ramon A., Encarnacion, Jessamyn O., Balamban, Bernadette B., Bulan, Joseph Albert Nino M. 02082013_jrga_marital.asp


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Table 1. Top 10 High-Paying Jobs, Philippines: 2010

Jobs  Median salary
Art Director          69,286.00
Geologist          64,889.00
Aircraft Pilot, Navigator and Flight Engineer          57,789.00
Mining Engineer and Metallurgical Engineer          55,638.00
Computer Programmer          43,573.00
Systems Analyst and Designer          42,112.00
Production Supervisor and General Foreman          36,133.00
Actuary          35,480.00
Call Center Representative/
Customer Service Associate
Statistician          35,010.00

Table 2. List of Higher Education Institutions Offering Statistics Program
A.Y. 2010/2011

Island Group Region Institution Name Program Level
Luzon NCR De La Salle University-Manila Bachelor of Science in Statistics
Rizal Technological University Bachelor of Science in Statistics
University of the East-Manila Bachelor of Science in Statistics
University of the Philippines-Diliman Bachelor of Science in Statistics
Master of Statistics/
Master of Science (Statistics)
Doctor of Philosophy (Statistics)
Polytechnic University of the Philippines Bachelor in Applied Statistics
Master in Applied Statistics
CAR Saint Louis University Bachelor of Science in Statistics
Benguet State University-Main Bachelor of Science in Applied Statistics
Master of Arts in Applied Statistics
1 Northwestern University Bachelor of Science in Statistics
University of Northern Philippines Master of Statistics/
Master of Science (Statistics)
3 Central Luzon State University Bachelor of Science in Statistics
4 University of the Philippines - Los Baños Bachelor of Science in Statistics
Master of Statistics/Master of Science (Statistics)
Doctor of Philosophy (Statistics)
5 Aquinas University of Legazpi Bachelor of Science in Statistics
Visayas 6 University of The Philippines-Visayas Bachelor of Science in Statistics
West Visayas State University-Main Bachelor of Science in Statistics
Negros State College of Agriculture-Cauayan Campus Bachelor in Applied Statistics
7 Cebu Technological University-Main  Bachelor of Science in Statistics
University of San Carlos Bachelor of Science in Economics minor in Statistics
Negros State College of Agriculture-Main  Bachelor of Science in Applied Statistics
8 Visayas State University- Main Bachelor of Science in Statistics
Samar State University Bachelor of Science in Applied Statistics
Mindanao 9 Western Mindanao State University Bachelor of Science in Statistics
10 Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology Bachelor of Science in Statistics
Master of Statistics/Master of Science (Statistics)
Master of Applied Statistics
11 University of Southeastern Philippines-Main Bachelor of Science in Statistics
ARMM Mindanao State University Bachelor of Science in Statistics
Certificate in Statistics
Mindanao State University-Tawi-Tawi College of Technology and Oceanography  Bachelor of Science in Statistics

Commission on Higher Education
Based on the submission of 2,247 HEIs including satellite campuses
as of October 24, 2011



Posted: 24 May 2013


The PSA Office
PSA CVEA Building,
East Avenue, Quezon City
Tel. No. (632) 462-6600; Fax No. (632) 462-6600


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Updated 28 January 2016

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