--- Facts & Figures: Province of Benguet ---


... At a Glance

Area 2,506.3 sq. km.
Capital Lagawe
Total Population
(As of May 2010)

Population Growth Rate

Household Population
(As of Aug 2007)
Number of Households
(As of Aug 2007)
Average Household Size
(As of Aug 2007)
Population Density
(As of May 2010)
76.2/sq. km.
Number of Municipalities
(As of Sept 2011)
Annual Per Capita Food Threshold
(As of 2009)
PhP 11,847
Annual Per Capita Poverty Threshold
(As of 2009)
PhP 16,975
Number of Barangays
(As of Sept 2011)






View Selected Provincial Indicators

Ifugao was formerly a part of the old Mountain Province. It was created as an independent province on June 18, 1966 by virtue of Republic Act No. 4695, otherwise known as the "Division Law of Mountain Province". Under this law, Mountain Province was divided into four (4) provinces namely: Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga-Apayao and Mountain Province.

The total population of Ifugao as of May 2010 was 191,078 and a growth rate of 1.31 from 1990 to 2010.

As of 2010, Ifugao's total land area is 2,506.3 square kilometers. A total of 27,083 hectares are classified as alienable and disposable, and 224,695 hectares are forest land.


Brief History

The province of Ifugao derives it name from the word "Pugo" which means hills in the native language. Despite the influence of Christianity, age-old traditions are alive and are still practiced. For instance, during harvest time, Ifugaos still celebrate with a "caniao" where sacrificial animals such as chickens, pigs and even carabaos are butchered. Ifugao culture is some 3,000 years old.

During their brief occupation of the province, the Spaniards established "pueblos" (towns) headed by the "Alcalde Municipal" and barangays (barrios) headed by the "Cabeza de Barangay". The Spaniards largely confined their activities within Kiangan, Ifugao. Spanish rule ended with the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution.

In 1905, Ifugao was made a sub-province of the Old Mountain Province. The sub-province of was administered by a Lt. Governor Hon. Luis Pawid of Kiangan became the first Deputy Governor during the American regime. Captain Pedro Bulan was the last official to assume the office of Deputy Governor.

Ifugao became the center of warfare during the last stages of the World War II. It was in Mt. Napulawan in Ifugao where Gen. Yamashita, the "Tiger of Malaya" put up his last stand against the Filipino and American forces. He initially surrendered to Capt. Grisham of the US Army based in Kiangan before he was flown to Camp John Hay, Baguio City where he formally surrendered.

At the start of World War II, there were five (5) minicipalities namely: Burnay (later changed to Lagawe by virtue of Republic Act 3380), Kiangan, Banaue, Hungduan and Mayoyao. Them municipalities of Potia, now Alfonso Lista, and Lamut were created after the war. Asipulo was created in 1992 and is the youngest municipality of the province.

Ifugao gained provincial status on June 18, 1966 by virtue of Republic Act 4695 with the municipality of Lagawe as the capital town. Currently, in addition to the capital, the other municipalities are as follows: Asipulo, Aguinaldo, Alfonso Lista, Banaue, Hingyon, Hungduan, Kiangan, Lamut, Mayoyao and Tinoc.

Points of Interest

The existing tourist attractions in the province are classified under four categories namely man-made, historical, cultural, and natural spots. Dubbed as the "8th Wonder of the World" is the Banaue Rice Terraces which is the most well known of Ifugao's terraces. Among the other popular terraces in the province are the Bangaan, Batad, Mayoyao and Hapao rice terraces. Magat Dam, the biggest dam in Asia, in the municipality of Alfonso Lista is also an added man-made attraction in the province.


Philippine War Memorial Shrine (Kiangan) - Gigantic memorial shrine to commemorates the end of World War II. It is a concrete pyramid type structure which resembles an oversized Ifugao native house located at Linda, Kiangan. It could be used as a viewpoint of the Poblacion, other neighboring barangays and the capital town of Lagawe. The shrine is ten (10) kilometers away or 15 minutes drive from the capital town.

Million Dollar Hill - the hill overlooking the Poblacion of Kiangan. It got its name from the last war when the allied armies spent million of dollars worth of bombs and ammunitions to annihilate the enemies in the area.

General Yamashita's Surrender Site - houses relics memorializing the end of WW II in the Philippines. Details of the surrender and signing are available.

Mount Nagchayan - the site where Japanese troops fought fierce battles during WW II. The mountain has several grottos stone walled trenches and fox holes.


Ifugao National Museum (Kiangan) - This museum displays Ifugao artifacts and is under the supervision of the National Museum of the Philippines, with Ms. Rosario Guinid as curator. It is 32 meters facing the shrine and 300 meters away from the Municipal Hall.

Tam-an Village - A typical village situated 240 steps down from the Banaue Hotel's swimming pool. Here, woodcarving and hand-woven products are produced and sold to travelers.

Bokiawan Village - 12 kilometers from Banaue located in the center of the Bokiawan rice terraces where traditional Ifugao practices of land use and livelihood still exist.

Pula and Cambulo Native Village - is a rustic village in the first leg of the trekking route from Banaue viewpoint to Banga-an. This cobbled stone village offers a native house stay.

Apfo'or Burial Tombs - these are large stone mausoleums containing the bones of the town's ancient warriors and elite.

Makaliwagha & Lebhong Burial Caves - are filled with wood coffins and the remains of the first people of Mayoyao. A legend tells of an attentive lizards leading people to these three chambers designating each one for men, women and children.

Lumauig Stone - is a huge enchanted black rock held by only three smaller stones in the middle of the Balangbang river.

OTHER SCENIC SITES: Bocos Village, Poitan Village, Batad Village, Hapao Village, Bangaan Village. This villages are characterized by the presence of a wholesome community where the livelihood activities are within the surroundings, and the houses are clustered in a designated area. These villages showcase the typical Ifugao community.


Bintakan Cave (Lagawe) - It is located at the rocky slope of Ibunao which is about 2 kilometers from the provincial capitol. The mouth of the cave is overlooking the Ibulao river. It is a three-room cave with dripping water that forms stalactites and stalagmites of different beautiful shapes. It can be reached by tricycle ride and 20-minute ascent to the mouth of the cave.

Nah-toban Cave (Lagawe) - The cave is much larger than Bintakan Cave and has a descending entrance with four rooms but there are still other rooms unexplored. It is located at Boliwong, Lagawe, about 4 kilometers hike from the Poblacion passing through trails. Huge quantities of guano are found in the cave.

Tucucan Sulphur Hot Springs (Tinoc) - A sulphuric hot spring at Barangay Tukuhan in the Municipality of Tinoc. This can be reached by a two-hour hike from Monsoyosoy, Buguias, Benguet.

Guihob Natural Swimming Pool (Banaue) - a four-kilometer drive from Banaue, Poblacion. One has to hop and jump over huge boulders to reach the crystal clear waters of Guihob. It is a perfect place for those who prefer a cool and refreshing swim.

Tappiya Waterfalls (Banaue) - About 30 minutes from Batad Village is a cascading waterfall with its enormous natural pool for swimming. A visit to Batad would be incomplete without seeing these beautiful waterfalls.

Buyukan Waterfalls (Banaue) – This can only be reached by a three-hour hike from Poblacion, Hungduan. This is located in Barangay Abatan and is near the border of Hungduan and Tinoc municipalities.

Ambuwaya Lake (Kiangan) – Legends says that it was once a large sitio that became a lake because of the killing and making fun of leeches in the spring by some children. The lake is deep and good for swimming and boating. The shaded surroundings is an ideal place for picnics. It is now the site of a research on fishing culture. The lake is about four (4) kilometers from the town center of Kiangan and can be reached by four wheel drive vehicles.

Ducligan Hot Spring (Banaue) - these hot spring are found at the bank of Ducligan River and adjacent to deep pool. Ducligan is 21 kilimeters away from the Poblacion.

O'phaw Mahencha Falls (leap of Mahencha) - local folklore says that a beautiful Mahencha had jump 13 to 15 meters into the water to retrieve her native amber necklace which fell while she was taking a bath.

Tenogtog Water Falls - it has three natural pools rising about 12 meters from each other. The water falls from the pool cascades to the next in beautiful succession. Untouched by human hands, these natural pools provide clear cool mountain spring water.

Bagnit Waterfalls and Numbungug Waterfalls (Julongan Barangay) - Bagnit is stunning series of cascading falls running over 250 feet, while Numbungug Waterfall is a single majestic fall over 80 feet into height falling to the Ibulao river tributaries.

Chuyong Viewpoint - located near town proper which affords a panoramic vista of the Mayoyao World Heritage site cluster. The glory of the site is unrivaled.

Kibayuyong Stone - is a legendary stone which lies next to the Hapao river. The site offers an adventurous spot for river swimming and diving.

Bogya Hot Springs - located in Ba-ang that lie in the Hapao river which serves as delight respite after trekking.

Asin Hot Springs – Located in a distant barangay of Hungduan. The Asin Salt Spring is a 12-hour like from Kiangan.


Banaue Rice Terraces (Banaue) – A leading tourism destination in the country and considered the "Eight Wonder of the World". The rice terraces starts from the base of the mountain range and reach up to several thousand feet high. It is said that its length, if put end to end would encircle half of the globe. Made about 2,000 years ago, the rice terraces manifest the engineering skill and ingenuity of the sturdy Ifugaos. Streams and springs found in the mountains were taped and channeled into irrigation canal that run downhill through the ride terraces.

Batad Rice Terraces (Banaue) – These rice terraces are tried and take the shape of an amphitheater and is located in barangay Batad. It can be reached by a twelve-kilometer ride from Banaue Hotel and a 2-hour hike through mountain trails.

Mayoyao Rice Terraces (Mayoyao) – This spot is 44 kilometers away from Poblacion, Banaue. This Poblacion of Mayoyao lies in the midst of these rice terraces thus upon arrival in the town, one is awed with a breathtaking view of the rice terraces where all the dikes are tiered with flat stones.

Hapao Rice Terraces (Hungduan) – This is another stonewalled rice terraces located in the municipality of Hungduan and is 55 kilometers from the capital town of Lagawe.

Magat Dam (Alfonso Lista) – It is reputedly the biggest dam in Asia. This is located near the municipality of Alfonso Lista and about 25 kilometers from the town center of Santa Maria.

Nayacadan Rice Terraces – are found in Kiangan and these shows how forest management and rice terracing are complementary.

Special Interest

Mountain Climbing and Village Visits – reaching some of the tourist spots which involve hiking. For more adventurous tourists, the Ifugao terrain offers ample choice for mountain climbers.

Mount Amuyao – The 8th highest peak in the Philippines with an elevation of 2,702 meters (8,865) above sea level is located between the boundary line of Banaue and Mayoyao and between Ifugao and Mountain Province. Its summits provides the climber with a breath-taking panorama of the Mountain Province, Isabela, Nueva Viscaya and Ifugao. Mayoyao legends says that the first Ifugao couple, Bugan and Wigan took refuge in this mountain during the 40-day deluge that inundated the province. Being the only survivors, they became the first ancestors of the Ifugaos.

Mount Napulawan – Located in the municipality of Hungduan, this mountain is very accessible to mountain trekkers. Conquerors of this peak are fascinated by the thick tropical rain forest and its rare flora. Trees near the peak are unusually short.

Mount Anapawon – Centrally located in Ifugao, this mountain peak is considered the best camping site in the province. It provides a very good view of Hungduan municipality and the low-lying municipalities of Lagawe and Kiangan as well as the rice terraces of Hingyon.


Cordillera Almanac
Vol. I - Local Government Units
Department of the Interior and Local Government
Cordillera Administrative Region

1999 Tourism Situationer
Department of Tourism
Cordillera Administrative Region  

Page last updated: April 19, 2012

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