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National Statistical Information Center, Bicol Branch
Regional Statistical Coordination Committee, Region V

Women and Men in Bicol Region
Some Current Statistical Developments

  1. In addition to what has been achieved in the past to improve the generation of gender statistics in the Philippines such as the release of the very first Women and Men in the Philippines, 1995 Statistical Handbook with funding from the UN ESCAP and UNIFEM, the NSCB, in collaboration with the NCRFW and other agencies, is currently undertaking the following statistical projects with funding assistance from the Canadian International Development Agency Institutional Strengthening Project Phase II (CIDA-ISP II):

1.1 Refinement of the Existing Gender and Development Indicators System (GAD-IS)

The ESCAP project revealed that out of 199 indicators, only 19% are supported by data in the desired frequency and disaggregation. Refinement of the existing GAD-IS includes the identification of the core gender indicators needed to monitor the PPGD both at the national and subnational levels. The revised GAD-IS is envisioned to be a comprehensive data system support to gender and development issues, programs and policies. It shall encompass the three major concerns on gender and development that were earlier identified in the ESCAP project : economic, social and special concerns. It shall consist of a well-defined GAD data framework and an updated database at the NCRFW. It shall serve as a basis for identifying gender statistics that need to be integrated into the Philippine Statistical System (PSS).

The refinement and improvement of the GAD-IS depends on two basic factors: first, the selection of the required gender indicators for the monitoring and implementation of the PPGD; and second, the capability of the concerned government agencies to generate the required gender indicators. On the first, the accumulated experiences of the PSS and the NCRFW in the production of gender statistics over the years can provide the technical expertise required to formulate the selection and compilation methodology for the indicators. On the second, with continuing effort to mainstream gender concerns in economic and social development programs, various government agencies have incorporated gender and development concerns in their programs and projects and regularly submit reports to the NCRFW per the implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 7192. Likewise, in accordance with the Joint Department of Budget and Management (DBM)-NEDA Circular No. 1-96 dated 08 March 1996 which implements Section 27 of the General Provision of the CY 1996 General Appropriation Act, all departments, bureaus, offices and agencies of the national governments are required to submit semestral reports on their GAD-Responsible Project, particularly on their compliance with the 5% allocation to gender-responsive projects and utilization thereof. The agency compliance reports submitted however, have not been sufficient to measure progress on women's concerns. Hence, although there is a growing and expanding support for gender responsive programs, deficiencies in providing the required gender indicators by various government agencies stem from the methodology and basic statistical analysis, not to mention existing limitation on budget and resources. This underscores the need to improve the capability of concerned agencies to provide on a regular basis the data required by the GAD-IS.

Statistical data assessment shall be conducted to determine the availability, reliability, timeliness and source of the data support to the core indicators and procedures will be drawn up on how to fill in data gaps. Under the refined indicator system, the estimation methodology for each indicator shall be formulated and the most appropriate source agency and the method of data collection for each data item shall be identified.

Recognizing the current limitations of various government agencies in generating sex-disaggregated data, a training manual shall be developed which will serve as a guide in the collection, tabulation, estimation, and analysis of the GAD indicators. Statistical training will be conducted in collaboration with the SRTC for the concerned national government agencies and priority regions to ensure the provision of necessary skills in the generation of the GAD indicators.

To institutionalize the collection, generation and processing of sex-disaggregated data, efforts to enhance the gender-responsiveness of the PSDP shall be explored and implemented. Appropriate guidelines and mechanisms shall be developed and disseminated to ensure that sectoral plans and programs in the PSDP will address sectoral gender issues. Measures shall be undertaken to implement and effect gender-based statistical activities of concerned agencies at the national and sub-national levels. The project shall also work toward the inclusion of the core indicators in the system of designated statistics of the PSS. Since NSCB has the mandate to monitor the implementation of the PSDP and to lobby for budgetary support, concerned agencies will be urged to invoke Section 27 of the General Appropriation Act to ensure funding of activities to improve the generation of gender statistics needed for the GAD-IS.

A draft of the GAD-IS has been formulated for approval of the NSCB Executive Board. Once approved, the GAD-IS and outputs based on the data framework shall be disseminated as widely as possible to serve as inputs for the formulation and implementation of gender responsive programs/projects among line agencies and local governments.

1.2 Development of a Methodology to Generate Statistics on Violence Against Woman and Children

The lack of hard statistics on the extent of the problem of violence against women and children makes it difficult to establish baseline data that could raise the level of awareness among government agencies and the public on the seriousness of the problem.

However, generating accurate statistics on domestic violence remains problematic in the Philippines as in other countries. Society in general and families in particular, consider domestic problem and difficulties as private affairs and they are not likely to report these events. Also, the stigma attached to domestic violence discourages victims and their families from reporting these incidents to authorities.

A network of government and non-government organizations was formed called the NSCB Task Force to Generate Statistics on VAWC. The Task Force is composed of the following: the Bureau of Women and Young Workers (BWYW), Commission on Human Rights (CHR), Council for the Welfare of Children (CWC), Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG), Department of Health (DOH), Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and the Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT), Harnessing Self-reliant Initiatives and Knowledge, Inc. (HASIK), National Police Commission (NAPOLCOM), National Bureau of Investigation (NBI), National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women (NCRFW), National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA), NSCB, Philippine National Police (PNP), University of the Philippines - Center for Women's Studies (UPCWS), Women's Crisis Center (WCC) and Women's Legal Bureau (WLB). These member agencies are actively involved in providing services to VAWC victims and have worked together to formulate a glossary of terms on VAWC.

Meanwhile, the NSCB Regional Divisions regularly collect data, prepare and, disseminate information sheets and publications on VAWC statistics via print, media and the website.

Recognizing that existing records can present a very limited picture of VAWC, the study shall also formulate and test various methodologies for generating information through surveys. This is admittedly, a challenge to statistical systems because of the nature of the information being collected. However, in order to effectively guide policy planning and lawmaking, the extent of the problem on VAWC should be estimated using a reliable and tested methodology and efforts in this direction should by all means be exerted.

Current works undertaken include the following: (1) review of related researches and studies; (2) consolidation of administrative-based VAWC statistics collected; (3) draft VAWC Glossary of Terms in statistics; and (4) workshop for administrative-based VAWC Statistics generation and Glossary of Terms.

1.3 Conduct of a Pilot Time-Use Survey in the Philippines Toward the Development of a Framework
      for Measuring Women's and Men's Contribution in the Economy.

Measuring women's work is one of the data gaps that the government seeks to address. If women's unpaid work in subsistence agriculture, housework and family care were fully counted in the labor force statistics, their participation in the labor force may prove to be equal to or even greater than men's. And if their unpaid housework and family care were counted in the System of National Accounts (SNA), measures of gross national outputs would increase. Without accurate and adequate information about what women really do and how much they produce, the government cannot formulate effective internal economic policies that include women.

Previous attempts have been made in several countries, including the Philippines, to quantify/impute monetary value on the work done by women at home. These attempts found out that with minor modification or improvement, a time-use survey would be an excellent vehicle to support the data requirement of measuring women's household activities using various valuation methods such as the opportunity cost or the market valuation methods.

In January 2000, the National Statistics Office conducted a pilot time-use survey under the project. Preliminary results clearly show the differences in the time-use activities of women and men. The NSCB is currently updating and improving previous estimates of the gross domestic product disaggregated by sex based on the results of the survey.

  1. The collection, preparation and dissemination of gender-based statistics are part of the regular activities of the NSCB central office and its regional divisions. At the central office, statistical series and other info sheets showing the economic and social situation of women and men are published annually and posted on the NSCB website at www.nscb.gov.ph in support of the celebration of the National Women's Month. Meanwhile, the NSCB Regional Divisions have annual factsheets on Women and Men in Regions I, V, VI, VIII, IX, XI, XII, and CAR. These info sheets are disseminated also as press releases and posted on the NSCB main and regional websites.

Gender statistics are also presented in the annual Regional Social and Economic Trends (RSET) for the Cordillera Administrative Region and Regions I, V, VI, VIII, IX, and XII, and in the Southern Mindanao Statistical Yearbook (Region XI).

  1. The NSCB Regional Divisions (RDs) have likewise been actively working towards establishing a gender statistical system in the Cordillera Administrative Region and in Regions I, V, VI, VIII, IX, XI, and XII. Among the significant headways are as follows:

3.1 Region XII was among the first regions to embrace gender statistics development at the subnational level. The NSCB RD XII was instrumental in the formulation of a local legislative agenda on GAD and GAD indicator system in Region XII. In 1999, the region, through the NSCB RD XII and with funding assistance from the CIDA-LGSP, produced the first regional statistical handbook on gender statistics, the WAM in Central Mindanao.

3.2 NSCB RD I is currently undertaking the project, "Institutionalizing the Generation and Dissemination of Gender Statistics in Region I", funded under the ISP II project funds subcontracted by the NCRFW to the NEDA Regional Office I. The NSCB RD I produced, under the project, the WAM in the Ilocos Region 2000 Statistical Handbook, in print and CD ROM versions, which was launched during a Forum on Gender Statistics conducted on 25 October 2000. Based on the proposed GAD Indicator System formulated at the central office and using the first issue of the WAM and results of discussion during the Forum, a GAD-Responsive Indicator System (GAD RIS) for Region I was formulated. The GAD-RIS has been approved by the Regional Statistical Coordination Committee (RSCC) and is now being used as a framework for gender statistics assessment and improvement.

3.3 The NSCB RD VIII has been providing technical assistance to NEDA VIII in the establishment of a gender database for the region and training of stakeholders on gender statistics. The WAM in Eastern Visayas Statistical Handbook is currently in the works and will be funded by the NEDA Regional Office VIII and NCRFW through the CIDA-ISP II.

3.4 NSCB RD XI is a member of the Davao City Gender Watch Monitoring Committee which has been tasked by the Davao City Sangguniang Panlunsod to develop the monitoring mechanism, statistical indicators and guidelines for the implementation of City Ordinance No. 5004, "Women Development Code of Davao City". Using the Women Development Code eleven (11) gender issues and concerns as data framework and with funding assistance from the Ford Foundation, the NSCB RD XI prepared and released the WAM in Southern Mindanao, in print and CD ROM versions, on 30 October 2000. The WAM in Southern Mindanao was the first such handbook developed based on a locally-formulated gender and development framework.

3.5 NSCB RDs VI and IX have produced the draft WAM statistical handbooks for Regions VI and IX, respectively, which will be printed through the assistance of the Commission on Population and will be released in 2001. Based on the contents of the WAM, the NSCB RDs will also pursue the establishment of gender statistics development in their respective regions.

  1. In October 2000, the PSS, in partnership with the NCRFW, paid tribute to the GAD through the nationwide celebration of the National Statistics Month with the theme, "Empowering Filipino Women Through Gender Statistics". Throughout the country, various activities were conducted and information materials were disseminated to promote the discussion of GAD issues, concerns, and developments, and the improvement and use of gender statistics among government agencies, civil societies, academe, private sector, and the general public. The celebration led to the forging of a "Declaration of Commitment on the Generation of Gender Statistics" among 36 national government agencies/ institutions/organizations in the country.

  1. The Statistical Research and Training Center (SRTC), also in collaboration with the NCRFW and with funding assistance from CIDA-ISP II, developed the training manual on "Statistics for Gender Regional Local Development Planning." The training manual will be used in the conduct of statistical trainings for local government units (LGUs). The trainings aim to provide the LGUs with necessary skills to mainstream gender concerns in the development process.

  1. The Women's Crisis Center is currently collecting information on women victims of violence through their research project which will consolidate "1001 stories of Violence Against Women." The project aims to give a vivid portrayal of VAW cases in the country.

  1. The UP Center for Women Studies (UPCWS) recently concluded the research project on "Breaking the Silence, the Realities of Family Violence in the Philippines and Recommendations for Change," funded by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). This research project provided information on 1,000 documented cases of violence against Filipino women and children.

  1. Through the efforts of the NSCB, members of the Task Force to Generate Statistics on VAWC underwent a Training on the methodology for generating primary data on VAWC in Australia from 20 November - 9 December 2000 under the auspices of the Philippines-Australia Short-Term Training Program of AusAid. The Task Force is expected to come up with a proposed design for a pilot survey to generate VAWC statistics.

Population and Families Work Economic Participation 
Agriculture and Agrarian Reform Education Health and Family Planning 
Social Welfare Public Life Migration Public Order and Safety Violence Against Women

Some Current Statistical Developments Mechanisms for the Advancement of Women
List of Philippine Laws in Support of Women's Welfare and Rights

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