Statistical data assessment shall
be conducted to determine the availability, reliability, timeliness and
source of the data support to the core indicators and procedures will be
drawn up on how to fill in data gaps. Under the refined indicator system,
the estimation methodology for each indicator shall be formulated and the
most appropriate source agency and the method of data collection for each
data item shall be identified.
Recognizing the current limitations
of various government agencies in generating sex-disaggregated data, a
training manual shall be developed which will serve as a guide in the
collection, tabulation, estimation, and analysis of the GAD indicators.
Statistical training will be conducted in collaboration with the SRTC for
the concerned national government agencies and priority regions to ensure
the provision of necessary skills in the generation of the GAD indicators.
To institutionalize the collection,
generation and processing of sex-disaggregated data, efforts to enhance the
gender-responsiveness of the PSDP shall be explored and implemented.
Appropriate guidelines and mechanisms shall be developed and disseminated to
ensure that sectoral plans and programs in the PSDP will address sectoral
gender issues. Measures shall be undertaken to implement and effect
gender-based statistical activities of concerned agencies at the national
and sub-national levels. The project shall also work toward the inclusion of
the core indicators in the system of designated statistics of the PSS. Since
NSCB has the mandate to monitor the implementation of the PSDP and to lobby
for budgetary support, concerned agencies will be urged to invoke Section 27
of the General Appropriation Act to ensure funding of activities to improve
the generation of gender statistics needed for the GAD-IS.
A draft of the GAD-IS has been
formulated for approval of the NSCB Executive Board. Once approved, the
GAD-IS and outputs based on the data framework shall be disseminated as
widely as possible to serve as inputs for the formulation and implementation
of gender responsive programs/projects among line agencies and local
1.2 Development of a Methodology to
Generate Statistics on Violence Against Woman and Children
The lack of hard statistics on the
extent of the problem of violence against women and children makes it
difficult to establish baseline data that could raise the level of awareness
among government agencies and the public on the seriousness of the problem.
However, generating accurate
statistics on domestic violence remains problematic in the Philippines as in
other countries. Society in general and families in particular, consider
domestic problem and difficulties as private affairs and they are not likely
to report these events. Also, the stigma attached to domestic violence
discourages victims and their families from reporting these incidents to
A network of government and
non-government organizations was formed called the NSCB Task Force to
Generate Statistics on VAWC. The Task Force is composed of the following:
the Bureau of Women and Young Workers (BWYW), Commission on Human Rights (CHR),
Council for the Welfare of Children (CWC), Department of the Interior and
Local Government (DILG), Department of Health (DOH), Department of Social
Welfare and Development (DSWD), End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography
and the Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT), Harnessing
Self-reliant Initiatives and Knowledge, Inc. (HASIK), National Police
Commission (NAPOLCOM), National Bureau of Investigation (NBI), National
Commission on the Role of Filipino Women (NCRFW), National Economic and
Development Authority (NEDA), NSCB, Philippine National Police (PNP),
University of the Philippines - Center for Women's Studies (UPCWS), Women's
Crisis Center (WCC) and Women's Legal Bureau (WLB). These member agencies
are actively involved in providing services to VAWC victims and have worked
together to formulate a glossary of terms on VAWC.
Meanwhile, the NSCB Regional
regularly collect data, prepare and, disseminate information sheets and
publications on VAWC statistics via print, media and the website.
Recognizing that existing records
can present a very limited picture of VAWC, the study shall also formulate
and test various methodologies for generating information through surveys.
This is admittedly, a challenge to statistical systems because of the nature
of the information being collected. However, in order to effectively guide
policy planning and lawmaking, the extent of the problem on VAWC should be
estimated using a reliable and tested methodology and efforts in this
direction should by all means be exerted.
Current works undertaken include
the following: (1) review of related researches and studies; (2)
consolidation of administrative-based VAWC statistics collected; (3) draft
VAWC Glossary of Terms in statistics; and (4) workshop for
administrative-based VAWC Statistics generation and Glossary of Terms.
1.3 Conduct of a Pilot Time-Use
Survey in the Philippines Toward the Development of a Framework
Measuring Women's and Men's Contribution in the Economy.
Measuring women's work is one of
the data gaps that the government seeks to address. If women's unpaid work
in subsistence agriculture, housework and family care were fully counted in
the labor force statistics, their participation in the labor force may prove
to be equal to or even greater than men's. And if their unpaid housework and
family care were counted in the System of National Accounts (SNA), measures
of gross national outputs would increase. Without accurate and adequate
information about what women really do and how much they produce, the
government cannot formulate effective internal economic policies that
Previous attempts have been made in
several countries, including the Philippines, to quantify/impute monetary
value on the work done by women at home. These attempts found out that with
minor modification or improvement, a time-use survey would be an excellent
vehicle to support the data requirement of measuring women's household
activities using various valuation methods such as the opportunity cost or
the market valuation methods.
In January 2000, the National
Statistics Office conducted a pilot time-use survey under the project.
Preliminary results clearly show the differences in the time-use activities
of women and men. The NSCB is currently updating and improving previous
estimates of the gross domestic product disaggregated by sex based on the
results of the survey.
3.1 Region XII was among the first
regions to embrace gender statistics development at the subnational level.
The NSCB RD XII was instrumental in the formulation of a local legislative
agenda on GAD and GAD indicator system in Region XII. In 1999, the region,
through the NSCB RD XII and with funding assistance from the CIDA-LGSP,
produced the first regional statistical handbook on gender statistics, the
WAM in Central Mindanao.
3.2 NSCB RD I is currently
undertaking the project, "Institutionalizing the Generation and
Dissemination of Gender Statistics in Region I", funded under the ISP
II project funds subcontracted by the NCRFW to the NEDA Regional Office I.
The NSCB RD I produced, under the project, the WAM in the Ilocos Region 2000
Statistical Handbook, in print and CD ROM versions, which was launched
during a Forum on Gender Statistics conducted on 25 October 2000. Based on
the proposed GAD Indicator System formulated at the central office and using
the first issue of the WAM and results of discussion during the Forum, a
GAD-Responsive Indicator System (GAD RIS) for Region I was formulated. The
GAD-RIS has been approved by the Regional Statistical Coordination Committee
(RSCC) and is now being used as a framework for gender statistics assessment
3.3 The NSCB RD VIII has been
providing technical assistance to NEDA VIII in the establishment of a gender
database for the region and training of stakeholders on gender statistics.
The WAM in Eastern Visayas Statistical Handbook is currently in the works
and will be funded by the NEDA Regional Office VIII and NCRFW through the
3.4 NSCB RD XI is a member of the
Davao City Gender Watch Monitoring Committee which has been tasked by the
Davao City Sangguniang Panlunsod to develop the monitoring mechanism,
statistical indicators and guidelines for the implementation of City
Ordinance No. 5004, "Women Development Code of Davao City". Using
the Women Development Code eleven (11) gender issues and concerns as data
framework and with funding assistance from the Ford Foundation, the NSCB RD
XI prepared and released the WAM in Southern Mindanao, in print and CD ROM
versions, on 30 October 2000. The WAM in Southern Mindanao was the first
such handbook developed based on a locally-formulated gender and development
3.5 NSCB RDs VI and IX have
produced the draft WAM statistical handbooks for Regions VI and IX,
respectively, which will be printed through the assistance of the Commission
on Population and will be released in 2001. Based on the contents of the WAM,
the NSCB RDs will also pursue the establishment of gender statistics
development in their respective regions.