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Overview of the Region
The province of Camarines Sur

Camarines Sur lies across the middle of the Bicol Peninsula at the southeastern portion of Luzon. It is bounded on the north by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by Maqueda Channel, on the south by the Province of Albay, on the west by the Ragay Gulf and on the northwest by the Provinces of Camarines Norte and Quezon.

Camarines Sur is politically subdivided into five congressional districts, one chartered city, one component city, 35 municipalities and 1,063 barangays. The province has a land area of 5,502.0 square kilometers, roughly 30 percent of Bicol Region’s land area and 1.83 percent of the Philippines. 

The population of the province as of May 1, 2010 census was 1,822,371 accounting for close to a third of the regional population. The province's population grew at an average annual rate of 1.62 percent between 2000 and 2010. Its population density is 331.2 persons per square kilometer of land area.

Penafrancia FestivalThe province’s most dominant geographic features are its two mountains; Mount Isarog which straddles the province right off-center beside Naga City and the capital town of Pili, rising 1,176 meters above sea level; and Mount Asog at the south rising 1,196 meters above sea level. To the west is the Tankong Baka mountain range, forming the southern tip of the Sierra Madre mountain system. The Bicol River traverses the heart of Camarines Sur meandering for about 100 kilometers from Lake Bato to San Miguel Bay. Lake Buhi at the foot of Mount Asog is home to the country’s smallest commercial fish, tabios or sinarapan (Mistichis Luzonensis). 

Bangus (Milk Fish) Fry ProductionThe province’s economy is agricultural with close to 62 percent of its total land area devoted to crop production. Camarines Sur contributes almost 50 percent of the region’s cereal output. Coconut is planted to about 18 percent of the province’s land area. Rootcrop is also one of its agricultural products. The province is flanked by some the richest marine fishing grounds in the country making fishery one of its major economic activities. Camarines Sur sits on vast tracts of metallic and non-metallic mineral deposits. Mineral reserves are estimated at 5.1 million metric tons, 82 percent percent of which are gold ore deposits. Non-metallic mineral reserves is estimated at 3.5 billion metric tons composed mainly of limestone, sandstone, calcaceous clastics, marble and ball clay.

Naga City is the province’s and the region’s financial, trade, religious and educational center. Hundreds of thousands of devotees and guests flock to the city on the third week of September for its Peñafrancia Festivities.

Statistical Series Reference Period Value
Household  Population 2010 1,818,699
     Male 2010 928,882
     Female 2010 889,817
Sex Ratio (males per 100 females) 2010 104.4
Number of Households 2010 364,472
Average Household Size (Persons/HH) 2010 5.0
Total Number of Families 2000 296,136
Average Family Income 2000 102,349
Average Family Expenditures 2000 83,563

As of November 2012

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