SOCCSKSARGEN is rice granary of Mindanao; Cotabato Province ranked 8th nationwide
(posted 14 February 2012)

Based on the data of the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS), SOCCSKSARGEN Region produced 1.244 million MT of palay in 2011. The production was 5.0 percent higher than the 1.185 million MT of the grain produced in 2010. Compared to 2009, palay production in 2010 dropped by 3.6 percent due to the dry spell that hit the region's farm lands during the first semester of 2010.

Top 5 Rice-Producing Regions of the Philippines: 2010 and 2011
Region 2009
Production
(MT)
Rank 2010
Production
(MT)
Rank 2011
Production
(MT)
Rank
Central Luzon 2,805,467 1 2,958,415 1 2,616,083 1
Western Visayas 2,205,071 2 1,789,693 2 2,245,038 2
Cagayan Valley 2,077,036 3 1,745,722 3 2,144,766 3
Ilocos Region 1,351,715 4 1,558,373 4 1,602,814 4
SOCCSKSARGEN 1,229,040 5 1,185,196 5 1,244,148 5
Source: BAS

The region maintained its position as the 5th largest palay-producing region of the country and Mindanao's top palay producer. Central Luzon topped the list with 2.616 million MT, followed by Western Visayas and Cagayan Valley with 2.245 million MT and 2.145 million MT, respectively. Ilocos Region was fourth with a production of 1.602 million MT.

Third largest corn-producing region

The BAS data also showed that SOCCSKSARGEN produced 1.170 million MT of corn which accounted for about 16.8 percent of the total national production. The region was the third largest corn-producing region in 2011 after Cagayan Valley (1.602 millon MT) and Northern Mindanao (1.212 million MT). ARMM, with a production of 0.797 million MT, ranked fourth nationwide.

Top 5 Corn-Producing Regions of the Philippines: 2010-2011
Region 2009
Production
(MT)
Rank 2010
Production
(MT)
Rank 2011
Prodcution
(MT)
Rank
Cagayan Valley 1,598,198 1 1,263,614 1 1,601,687 1
Northern Mindanao 1,170,624 2 1,153,239 2 1,212,208 2
SOCCSKSARGEN 1,146,629 3 1,064,448 3 1,170,554 3
ARMM 950,429 4 855,666 4 796,661 4
Ilocos Region 351,103 5 358,445 5 387,882 5
Source: BAS

Corn production in 2011 was 10.0 percent higher over the 1.064 million MT production in 2010, a reversal of the 7.2 percent decline in production due mainly to the dry spell that hit the region during the period.

Cotabato - 8th largest rice-producing province in the country

Across the region, Cotabato Province prides itself as the region's top palay producer. In 2011, the province produced 481.0 thousand MT of palay which accounted for 38.7 percent of the total produce of the region. The province ranked as the country's 8th top rice-producing province in 2011. Sultan Kudarat, ranked 11th nationwide, produced 404.2 thousand MT (32.5%) while South Cotabato yielded 310.4 thousand MT (24.9%). Sarangani Province added 48.5 thousand MT or about 3.9 percent of the regional yield.

Palay and Corn Production in Region XII by Province: 2011
Province Palay
Production
(MT)
Share
(%)
Corn
Production
(MT)
Share
(%)
Cotabato 481,006 38.7 379,947 32.5
Sarangani 48,534 3.9 134,949 11.5
South Cotabato 310,410 24.9 428,718 36.6
Sultan Kudarat 404,198 32.5 226,940 19.4
SOCCSKSARGEN 1,244,148 100.0 1,170,554 100.0
Source: BAS

South Cotabato - 4th largest corn-producing province in the country

In terms of corn production, South Cotabato is the region's top producer. In 2011, the province produced 428.7 thousand MT of the the grain accounting for 36.6 percent of the regional output. The province was also the country's 4th largest corn-producing province in 2011. Cotabato Province came in second with 379.9 thousand MT (32.5%) and followed by Sultan Kudarat with 226.9 thousand MT (19.4%). Cotabato Province and Sultan Kudarat ranked 5th and 10th nationwide, respectively. Sarangani chipped in 11.5 percent with its 134.9 thousand MT production.

Region XII needs about 598 thousand MT rice in a year for consumption

After milling, the region’s palay production, net of field losses and seed requirements, was estimated to yield about 692 thousand MT of rice. The supply was more than enough the estimated 598 thousand MT rice requirement of the region's populace in 2011.

 

Applying the results of the 2009 Food Consumption Survey of the BAS on annual per capita rice consumption of areas in the region, the rice requirement of Cotabato Province during the period was estimated at 175 thousand MT. South Cotabato's requirement was estimated at 117 thousand MT; Sultan Kudarat at about 93 thousand MT and Sarangani at about 58 thousand MT. General Santos City’s rice requirement was about 96 thousand MT and about 60 thousand MT for Cotabato City.

 

Supply and Demand for Rice in Region XII by Province: 2011
Area Palay
Production
(MT)
Milled
Rice /
Supply
(MT)
Projected
Population
(2011)
Annual
Per Capita
Rice
Consum-
ption
(kg)
Annual
Rice

Demand
(MT)
Rice Self-
Sufficiency

Ratio
(%)
Cotabato 481,006 267,548 1,217,684 143.728 175,015 152.9
Sarangani 48,534 26,996 513,108 112.216 57,579 46.9
South Cotabato 310,410 172,658 809,580 144.612 117,075 147.5
Sultan Kudarat 404,198 224,825 727,098 127.556 92,746 242.4
Cotabato City ... ... 331,404 180.388 59,716 ...
Gen Santos City ... ... 604,887 158.392 95,809 ...
SOCCSKSARGEN 1,244,148 692,027 4,203,397   597,940 115.74
Notes:
1. No available data on palay production for Cotabato City and Gen Santos City
2. Estimation of milled rice equivalent was based on the methodology contained in a Fact Book of the Department of Agriculture (DA) XII
3. Population projection figures were derived using the geometric formula applying the average annual growth rates of the areas from 2000-2007.
4. Data on annual per capita rice consumption were based on the results of the 2009 Food Consumption Survey conducted by the BAS. Annual per capita rice consumption of urban areas in Maguindanao was used for Cotabato City while urban area data of South Cotabato was used for Gen. Santos City.
5. Rice self-sufficiency ratio is the ratio of the supply of rice to demand requirements.

Region XII is 115.7% rice self-sufficient

In 2011, the region's palay production was more than enough to supply the grain requirements of its populace. Rice self-sufficiency of the region for the period was estimated at 115.7 percent. Except for Sarangani Province, all provinces of the region were considered rice self-sufficient. Sultan Kudarat, producing more than twice its requirements, posted the highest self-sufficiency ratio of 242.4 percent. Sarangani, on the other hand, was only 46.9 percent rice self-sufficient and would have to import the grain from other areas to meet its local demand.