Brief Overview of Sultan Kudarat Province

Historical Background

     Sultan Kudarat was made an independent province on November 22, 1973 by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 341.

     Prior to this proclamation, Sultan Kudarat was part of the former Empire Province of Cotabato presently covered by three provinces namely: Sultan Kudarat, Maguindanao and Cotabato.  Being one of the largest and the richest provinces in the country, there was a necessity to divide the former province of Cotabato into smaller units.  Its potentials have not been fully developed due to the magnitude of the task of the provincial government.  Besides, the trouble that have long plagued the area need to be resolved and many conflicting political, social and economic interest limited the progress of the province.  There was an immediate need to promote stability and accelerate the development in the area.   As a result of the division, Sultan Kudarat province came into existence.

     The name of the province was derived from a Muslim ruler, the late Sultan Mohammad Dipatuan Kudarat of the Sultanate of Maguindanao, who reigned from 1625 to 1671.  He was a virtual leader who embodied the idea of basic unity, oneness and freedom among the diverse people scattered throughout his Sultanate.  He was considered as one of the national heroes of the Republic of the Philippines not only because of his virtues of leadership but also because of his patriotic exploit in repelling Spanish domination.  For his honor, Sultan Kudarat province was named after him.

Geography/Area and Location

     Sultan Kudarat province is located on the south-western part of the island of Mindanao bounded on the North by the provinces of Maguindanao and Cotabato; on the South by South Cotabato; on the East by Davao del Sur and on the West by the Celebes Sea.

Climate

     Sultan Kudarat fall s under the Type B of climate characterized by a short dry season of one (1) to three (3) months and with an average of 92.78 millimeters of rainfall every month.  this provides sufficient soil moisture for its agricultural endeavors.

     The province has an advantage over other provinces since it is free from typhoons and the rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year.


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