Operation - refers to the following:
a) growing of temporary crops like palay, corn, sugarcane, camote, string beans, cabbage, etc.;
b) raising of permanent crops like coconut, santol, mango, guava, grapes, etc.;
c) tending of livestock and poultry.;
d) culture of mushrooms, honeybees, earthworms, silkworms, etc.;
e) cultivation of ornamental and flowering plants for sale; and,
f) management of above activities including planning, supervising, marketing of produce, purchasing inputs, and record-keeping.
- a unit used for measuring the extent of agricultural activity or activities undertaken
in a holding. For census purposes, the following characteristics are each equivalent
to one agricultural unit:
Animal, Slaughter - animals intended for meat production.
Aquaculture - rearing or raising under controlled conditions of aquatic products such as fish, oysters, seaweeds and other aquatic resources in sea, lakes, rivers and swamps and other bodies of water like fishponds, fish pens, and seaweed cultures.
Arable Land - refers to all lands generally under rotation-whether it is under temporary crops, temporarily fallowed, or used as temporary meadows.
Area Harvested - refers to the land used for agricultural operation reported as many times as it was planted and harvested to the same crop or different crops during the reference period.
Area Planted - refers to the total effective area planted to temporary crops. Effective area planted is the size of the land used for agricultural operation, reported as many times as it was planted to the same crops or different crops during the reference period.
Cooperative - a duly registered association of persons, with a common bond of interest, who have voluntarily joined together to achieve a lawful common social or economic end, making equitable contribution to the capital required and accepting a fair share of the risks and benefits of the undertaking in accordance with universally accepted cooperative principles.
Crop Production - the growing of staple food crops, fruits, nuts and other food crops and commercial crops.
Crops, Permanent - crops which occupy the land for a long period of time and do not need to be replaced after each harvest such as fruit trees, shrubs, nuts, etc. These crops may be productive, which have already borne fruits or capable of bearing fruits or non-productive.
Crops, Temporary - crops which are grown seasonally and whose growing cycle is less than one year and which must be sown or planted again for production after each harvest.
Emancipation Patents - a title issued to farmer-beneficiaries upon fulfillment of all government requirements covered by Presidential Decree No 27. The title symbolizes the tiller's full emancipation from the bondage of tenancy.
Farm/Holding - any piece or pieces of land having a total area of at least 1,000 square meters used wholly or partly for the growing of crops as palay, corn, fruits, vegetables, nuts, etc., and/or tending of livestock and/or poultry, regardless of number; or any land regardless of area, used for the raising of at least 20 heads of livestock and/or 100 poultry.
Farm, Area - refers to the physical or actual measurement of the land, reported only once regardless of how many times it was used during the reference period.
Farm, Backyard (Livestock and Poultry) - are those farms which do not fall in any of the categories of commercial farms.
Livestock - a farm which has:
Farm, Commercial Chicken - a farm with at least 500 layers or 1,000 broilers, or with at least 100 layers and 800 broilers if raised in combination. Broilers shall include chicken below six months old including chicks.
Farm Operator/Holder - is a civil or juridical person who exercises management control over the agricultural operation of a farm/holding and takes major decisions regarding resource use. This person has the technical and economic responsibility for the farm/holding and may undertake all responsibilities directly, i.e., this person operates the holding, or delegates responsibilities related to day-to-day work management to a hired manager.
Fishing, Commercial - fishing for commercial purposes in waters more than seven fathoms deep with the use of fishing boats of more than three gross tons.
Fishing, Municipal - fishing activity utilizing fishing boats of three gross tons or less, or using gear not requiring the use of boats, in municipal waters.
Land Covered with Wood and Forest - that part of the farm/holding which has natural or planted forest trees such as ipil-ipil, shrubs, and other non-fruit trees.
Land Temporarily Fallowed - a land which is purposely allowed to stay idle for a period of at least one year and at most 5 years in order to recover its fertility, after which period, it is planted to temporary crops.
Land Under Permanent Crops - a land planted to crops that occupy the land for a long period of time and does not need to be replaced after each harvest like fruit trees.
Land Under Permanent Meadows and Pastures - a land used permanently for more than 5 years for the purpose of growing herbaceous forage crops, either seeded for cared for or existing naturally.
Land Under Temporary Crops - a land planted to crops which are grown seasonally and whose growing cycle is less than one year and must be sown or planted again for production after each harvest.
Landing Center - the place where the fish catch and other aquatic products are unloaded and traded.
Livestock - domesticated animals with four legs and with hoofs. The different livestock are carabaos, cattles, hogs, goats, horses, rabbits, etc.
Parcel - one contiguous piece of land under one form of tenure without regard to land use. A piece of land is contiguous if it is not separated by natural or man-made boundaries that are not part of the farm/holding.
Poultry - are classified as chickens whether native or hybrid, ducks, quails, geese, etc.
Redistribution - refers to the reallocation of lands to farmers and regular farm workers who are landless, irrespective of tendril status.
Target Farmer Beneficiaries - landless residents of the same baronage or landless residents of the same municipality who are agricultural lessees and share tenants; regular farm workers; seasonal farm workers; other farm workers; actual tillers or occupants of public lands; collective or cooperatives of the above beneficiaries; and other directly working on the land.
Tenant - a farm operator who rents or takes on lease the land the farm operator operates. The rent may consist of a fixed amount of money or produce; a share of produce or it may be based on some other terms or tenancy agreements.
Tenurial Status of Farm
- refers to the right under which the farm/parcel is held or operated. A farm may be
operated under a single form of tenure or under more than one form of tenure.
The tenurial status of a parcel/farm are the following: