PROVINCIAL PROFILE 

Davao del Sur

BRIEF HISTORY

The early inhabitants of the Davao provinces, particularly the area now called the province of Davao del Sur, were the Bagobo-Guianggas who occupied the places at the foot of Mt. Apo, the B’laans of Hagonoy Valley, the Manobos in Malita and Jose Abad Santos, and other primeval tribes. These aboriginal tribes are believed to belong to the second wave of Indonesians who came to the island from Southeast Asia years before the birth of Christ, probably between 1,000 and 2,500 years ago.

Davao del Sur was created by the defunct Congress on May 8, 1967 under Republic Act No. 4867. It started functioning as a province on July 1, 1967 comprising ten municipalities, with Digos as its capital. The elective provincial positions were filled by appointment by the President of the Philippines until officials were duly elected and qualified in the 1967 election.

 

GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION

Davao del Sur is located in the southern part of
the Philippines. It lies between 125° 5’ and 42’
longitude and 5°22’ and 6°58’39’’ latit
ude.
Situated in the southern tip of
Mindanao, Davao del Sur is
bounded by Davao City
on the north; the
provinces of North
Cotabato, South
Cotabato and
Sarangani
on the west;
Celebes Sea on the south
and Davao Gulf on the east.

Strategically, the province is located between two (2) major growth centers: General Santos City of Region XII and Davao City of Region
XI.

 

LAND AREA

Davao del Sur occupies a total land area of 3,934 square kilometers. This represents 20 percent of the total land area of  Region XI (Davao Region).

Total Land Area (in km2), Percent Share to Total Land Area,
and Number of Barangays

City/Municipalities

Total
Land Area
Percent Share to Total Land Area Number of
Barangays
 Davao del Sur

3,934

100.0

337

   Bansalan

200

5.1

25

   Digos City

318

8.1

26

   Don Marcelino

449

11.4

15

   Hagonoy

132

3.4

21

   Jose Abad Santos

836

21.3

26

   Kiblawan

183

4.7

30

   Magsaysay

76

1.9

22

   Malalag

187

4.8

15

   Malita

564

14.3

30

   Matanao

174

4.4

33

   Padada

45

1.1

17

   Santa Cruz

335

8.5

18

   Santa Maria

168

4.3

22

   Sarangani

106

2.7

12

   Sulop

161

4.1

25

1 1 1 1
Source: 2004 Davao Region Statistical Yearbook

POPULATION

As of May 1, 2000, the population of Davao del Sur stands at 758,801. Among the cities/municipalities Digos City has the largest population at 125,171 or 16.5 percent share to the total population of the province. But in terms of population density (persons per square kilometer) Magsaysay is the most populous with 568 persons per square kilometer.

 

Population, Total Land Area, and Population Density

City/Municipalities

Population
(as of May 1, 2000)
Percent Share to Total Population Population
Density

(persons per km2)
 Davao del Sur

758,801

100.0

193

  Bansalan

51,781

6.8

259

  Digos City

125,171

16.5

394

  Don Marcelino

33,403

4.4

74

  Hagonoy

43,871

5.8

332

  Jose Abad Santos

57,147

7.5

68

  Kiblawan

41,275

5.4

226

  Magsaysay

43,172

5.7

568

  Malalag

33,334

4.4

178

  Malita

100,000

13.2

177

  Matanao

46,916

6.2

270

  Padada

24,112

3.2

536

  Santa Cruz

64,316

8.9

201

  Santa Maria

45,571

6.0

271

  Sarangani

18,391

2.4

174

  Sulop

27,340

3.6

170

1 1 1 1
Source: 2004 Davao Region Statistical Yearbook
       
 

PEOPLE

The majority of the population descended from Visayan migrants. As a result, Cebuano is the most widely spoken language.

Other prominent migrant groups are the Ilonggos and the Ilocanos.

Among the indigenous ethnic groups in the province are the B'laans, Bagobos, Manobos, and Tagacaolos. These early settlers occupied the slopes and base of Mount Apo and developed their own cultures which are well preserved to this day.

The Bagobos are known for their colorful dresses woven from abaca fiber and ornamented with beads, shells, metal disks, and embroidery in geometric patterns. They also wear bells as anklets or costume accessories that jingle as they walk or dance.

QUICK FACTS

Province:

Davao del Sur

Capital:

Digos City

Population:

758,800 (as of May 1, 2000)

Land Area:

3,934 square kilometers

Cities:

  1 (Digos City)

Municipalities:

14 (Bansalan, Don Marcelino, Hagonoy,
      Jose Abad Santos, Kiblawan,
      Magsaysay, Malalag, Malita, Matanao,
      Padada, Santa Cruz, Santa Maria,
      Sarangani, Sulo
p)

Barangays:

337

Indigenous People:

B'laan, Bagobo, Manobo, Tagacalo

Poverty Incidence:

18.2 % (2000, incidence of poor families)

Major Products:

Agriculture/Fishery - rice, corn, coconut,
   banana, sugarcane, coffee, cacao,
   durian, mango, lanzones, fish

Minerals - gold, silver, lead, copper,
   chromium

Major Industries:

Agriculture, food processing, fishing,
small to big scale mining, tourism

Natural Resources:

Fertile agricultural lands, rich fishing grounds, mineral deposits

 
 
 
 
 
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National Statistical Coordination Board Regional Division XI (Davao Region)
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Bajada, Davao City, Philippines
Since January 2003


 

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