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Tagoloan is the first municipality east of Misamis Oriental. It is situated north of Municipality of Villanueva; South of Cagayan de Oro City; East of Malitbog, Bukidnon; and West of Macajalar Bay. It is about 19 kilometers from the provincial capital of Cagayan de Oro City. The municipality is divided into ten barangays, namely: Poblacion, Baluarte, Casinglot. Sta Ana, Sta Cruz, Mohon, Sugbongcogon, Rosario, Gracia, and Natumolan.

In today’s generation under the leadership of Mayor Yevgeny Vincente “Bambi” Emano, Tagoloanons are believed to be an epitome of a spider. The physical aspects include the ten barangays of Tagoloan that adhere close to the administration. They are considered the local eyes of the Tarantula that are grouped to stir themselves in a sustainable mutual relationship thata among others includes security of their living and livelihood and like tarantula have their back and call on the head the deadly fangs.

There are many unique characteristics of a tarantula that can be found among lumad Tagoloanons. Tarantula is known for its nocturnal activities. Tagoloanons prosper in their lives because of their industriousness. They worked hard, and even do overtime work to earn extra income.

Tarantula’s web of many establishments has played a role of great contribution to its constituents. A tarantula can survive for many days if crisis strike in life. The people are warm and friendly, superb in hospitality, while tarantula is young, and he can easily be taught to survive under extenuating circumstances with an endeavor to help him independently.

For this reason, Tagoloan shall maintain her role as the heart and hub of industrialization of Misamis Oriental and the Cagayan-Iligan Corridor stretch. Together with its adjacent municipal-neighbor Villanueva, Tagoloan shall also strengthen its role as the regional industrial center of Region 10 – Northern Mindanao.

           
PHYSICAL PROFILE

Tagoloan total land area of 7,938 hectares represents 2.24 percent of Misamis Oriental’s total area of 354,770 hectares. Among the barangays, Sta Ana is the largest, comprising 37 percent of the municipality’s land area. Barangays Rosario, which includes contested areas between Municipality of Tagoloan and Municipality of Malitbog, Bukidnon and Sta Cruz, occupy relatively bigger areas (11.2%) than the other nine barangays.

Although Tagoloan is mainly a corn and coconut area, vegetables, rice, banana, and papaya are among of its major crops.

The land area of Tagoloan is suitable for six major uses, which include protection forest, plantation forest, rice, tree and vine, pasture and cultivated crops. About 2,405 hectares or 30 percent of Tagoloan’s total area are suitable for forest uses. Riceland is suitable for 2,199 hectares or about 28 percent, while the cultivation of annual crops are suited for 2,024 hectares or about 25 percent.

Barangay Area (has.) Percentage
Poblacion 341 4.3
Baluarte 289 3.6
Casinglot 680 8.6
Gracia 83 1.0
Mohon 282 3.6
Natumolan 622 7.8
Rosario * 1,728 21.8
Sta Ana 2,934 37.0
Sta Cruz 890 11.2
Sugbongcogon 87 1.1
TOTAL 7,938 100
   
* Include contested areas between Municipalities of Tagoloan and Malitbog, Bukidnon equal to 658.5 hectares.  
   
POPULATION  
The population of Tagoloan is 40,929 and 46,649, in 1995 and 2000 census respectively, and is expected to grow to 54,080 in 2005.
The average annual population growth of Tagoloan rose to 5.4 percent during the period 1970 to 1975 and further increased to 8.0 percent in the proceeding five-year period 1975 to 1980. The average population growth rate during the next 10 years, 1980 to 1990, stayed high at 4.4 percent but dropped off to 3.58 percent during 1990 to 1995, and continued to decrease to 2.7 percent from 1995 to year 2000.

The Gross Population Density of Tagoloan in 2004 is 650 persons per square kilometer.

Barangay Poblacion has the most number of 2,001 households and followed by Barangay Sta Cruz of 1,662, while Barangay Rosario had the least number of 171 households. About 51 percent of Tagoloan’s total population is male.
 
AGRICULTURE
Crop Production. Agriculture definitely plays a major role in Tagoloan’s economy especially towards supporting agri-industrialization. But because of its industrialization and urbanization, Tagoloan’s agriculture land areas have been permanently diminished.

During the last five years, a sizeable agricultural area was virtually unproductive due to encroachment of industries in prime tillable land.

The major agricultural crops in the area are corn, coconut, mango, peanut, rice, banana, and papaya.

Poultry & Livestock Production. Poultry production, particularly chicken, increased from 70,000 birds in 1995 to 136,542 in 1999, and continuously rose to 226,452 birds in 2002 to 374,000 birds in 2003. The increase in poultry production was mainly due to the advent of broiler contract growing in the area. Multinational companies led by Swift, San Miguel Corporation, and Vitarich contributed to the growth of poultry production.

The cattle population of Tagoloan has decreased from 2,356 heads in 2002 to 1,102 heads in 2003. Carabao, swine, and goat-sheep populations decreased in production due to lack of interest in raising and high cost of investment.

Fishery. There are three fishing grounds in Tagoloan, Barangays Baluarte, Sugbongcogon, and Casinglot Macajalar Bay. Volume of catch from Baluarte – Macajalar Bay amounted to 4,500 kilograms per month. In Casinglot – Macajalar Bay, the volume of fishes summed to 2,115 kilograms per month and Sugbongcogon – Macajalar Bay to 90 kilograms per month with an estimated total volume of catch of about 80,460 kilograms per month in 2003.

 
INDUSTRY
The Municipality of Tagoloan has thirty-six industries comprising of food and wood processing, hollow blocks making, metal forming, asphalt plant, power distribution, agri-industrial and others engaging in petrochemical operations. This exclude those within the PHIVIDEC which by law has distinct and separate tax, structure than that of the Local Government of Tagoloan.
These industrial establishments occupy a total land area of no less than 176.5 hectares of industrial land, which is 2.4 percent of the total land area of the municipality. However, the total land area acquired by the PHIVIDEC Estate is more than 800 hectares of prime land that is roughly 11.3 percent of the entire municipality.
 
Trade and Commerce. The growth in trade and commerce has increased about 5 percent from 2001 to 2002. In 2002, a total of 360 establishments were recorded in the entire municipality. The highest was recorded by Sari-Sari Stores of 97 business trade aspects, followed by Dealers with 42 business trades.. The growth in trade and commerce has increased about 5 percent from 2001 to 2002. In 2002, a total of 360 establishments were recorded in the entire municipality. The highest was recorded by Sari-Sari Stores of 97 business trade aspects, followed by Dealers with 42 business trades.
   
INFRASTRUCTUER and UTILITIES    
Road System. The Municipality of Tagoloan has a total road length of 77.1 kilometers, 50.6 percent of which is the barangay road, 9.7 percent municipal road, 16.1 percent PHIVIDEC road, 12.9 percent provincial road, and 7.2 percent the national road.

Out of 77.1 kilometers total road length, about 16.4 percent is concrete, 9.2 percent is asphalt, and 74.5 percent is gravel-paved road. Some portions of these roads, particularly barangay and provincial roads, need rehabilitation and improvement by gravelling, patching of asphalt and concreting. There are also areas in some barangays that need new road opening and circumferential roads to accommodate the increasing rate of population growth.

Port or Wharf. Tagoloan has one wharf located in Barangay Gracia. It is made of concrete and being operated by Gracia Arrastre and Stevedoring Corporation. Materials, goods loaded and unloaded in this area come usually from industries like PACCO products, VICMAR Plywood, sometimes Pepsi Cola and other light products. Its capacity ranges from 2 to 3 medium or small-sized container ship. Sometimes, the area cannot cope with the loading requirements of different industries located in Tagoloan and its neighboring towns. It needs rehabilitation and expansion on order to accommodate bigger cargo ships and also to facilitate the growing needs of industries not only in Tagoloan but also the demands of nearby towns and even cities.

The Municipality has port which is the Mindanao Container Terminal Project (MCTP) of PHIVIDEC, which is the gateway to the rest of the world. The Phase 1 of MCTP consists of port facility with 300 meters of berth to accommodate one 30,000 DWT ship and two untis of loading and unloading crane facilities. The port has support facilities such as container yard, warehouse and storage areas and a general cargo yard.

Water System. The Municipality has its own water scheme serving ten barangays. It serves Levels I, II, and III type of water system. Industrial and commercial establishments are using industrial water from PHIVIDEC water system run by electricity, while others get their drinking water from the Tagoloan Rural Waterworks Sanitation and Association (TRWSA).

Some residential areas not served by the present water system use deep and shallow wells in order to have drinking water while others use covered artesian wells.

Power Supply. There are two power substations found in the Municipality of Tagoloan. These are NAPOCOR power substations, which is located in the upper Natumolan, while the CEPALCO substation is located in lower Natumolan along the old national road.

CEPLACO serves about 63.7 percent households including commercial and industrial establishments, while the remaining 36.3 percent households are still not served due to its far distance from the distribution lines and some households who cannot afford to have electrical connection.

 
EDUCATION  
The student-teacher ratio at all levels, on the average, are as follows: Pre-schools 33:1; elementary 42:1; secondary 32:1, and vocational course 50:1 every quarter. On the other hand, student-classroom ratios, on the average, are: 3:1 in the pre-school; 45:1 in the elementary; 53:1 secondary; and 20:1 almost every quarter for vocational course (TESDA).
 
HOUSING
Tagoloan has a total of 8,375 dwelling units of all types serving a population of 47,481. There are four types of houses in Tagoloan, namely: concrete or semi-concrete which is the most number in the area (37.5%); wooden type (47.2%); Nipa or Bamboo (13.6%); and “Barong-barong” type (1.8%).