NSO Conducts the 2010 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey
(PR-201006-PP1-07, Posted 24 June 2010)
The National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) granted clearance to the conduct of the 2010 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey (APIS) on June 8, 2010 under its Statistical Survey Review and Clearance System (SSRCS). The APIS aims to generate social and economic data correlated with poverty and to provide data on the socio-economic profile of Filipino families and other information relating to their living conditions. It is an undertaking of the National Statistics Office (NSO) during the years when the Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) is not conducted. It was first undertaken in 1998, and then in 1999, 2002, 2004, 2007 and 2008. Due to budget constraints, the survey was not conducted in 2001 and 2005.
The major data items to be collected in the 2010 APIS include: (1) demographic characteristics of the household; (2) health status; (3) schooling status; (4) economic characteristics; (5) housing; (6) water and sanitation; (7) hunger; (8) family sustenance and entrepreneurial activities; (9) other source of income; and (10) family expenditures.
Some of the significant indicators to be generated from the survey include: (1) number and proportion of families with electricity; (2) number and proportion of families by main source of water supply; (3) proportion of the population aged 6 to 24 years old who were not attending school during School Year 2010-2011 by reason for not attending school and by sex; (4) number and proportion of families engaged in any economic activity; (5) number and proportion of families who acquired house and/or lot thru government housing or financing program by year of acquisition; (6) families who acquired agricultural land under the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP); and (7) total family income, expenditure and savings. These indicators are presented by region and by income stratum.
Results of the 2008 APIS revealed that only 5 percent of the family heads in the bottom 30 percent of the income stratum had reached college or higher level of education, while 27 percent of the family heads in the upper 70 percent income stratum attained that level of education. Two in every five Filipino families in the bottom 30 percent income stratum did not have electricity while one out of four families in the same income stratum did not have sanitary toilets at their homes. Among the regions, Central Luzon (96 percent) had the highest percentage of families with access to safe water while Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) had the least with only 49 percent.
The survey questionnaires will be distributed to 26,000 households in the country starting July 8, 2010. A total budget of Php 24 million or Php 923.08 per household is allocated for the survey conduct to cover travelling expenses, supplies, printing expenses, communication, freight, training and others. The public use file (PUF) of the survey results is targeted by the NSO to be generated by October 2011 while the published final report will be available in January 2012. Press releases on the preliminary results will be posted by the NSO on its website during the period October 2010 to December 2011.
The survey has undergone review thru the SSRCS, a mechanism institutionalized by the NSCB through Memorandum Circular Nos. 4-88 and 04-95, which aims to: (1) ensure sound design for data collection; (2) minimize the burden placed upon respondents; (3) effect economy in statistical data collection; (4) achieve better coordination of government statistical activities; and (5) inform the private sector and the public in general that a government survey operation has passed clearance and enjoin their cooperation in the conduct of the survey.
ROMULO A. VIROLA