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 Press Release

Second dissemination forum held in Davao City

NSCB releases poverty estimates for the country’s 1,623 cities
and municipalities
(PR-200608-SS1-04, Posted 11 August 2006)

The National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) has released project-based poverty estimates for all cities and municipalities in the country for the year 2000.

This is the first time that city- and municipal-level poverty statistics have been generated. The estimates are part of the outputs of a special study entitled “Poverty Mapping in the Philippines,” which was conducted by the NSCB in its continuing effort to respond to the growing need for poverty statistics at lower levels of disaggregation. The project initiative was funded by the World Bank-Asia Europe Meeting (WB-ASEM) Trust Fund and was implemented from April 2004 to November 2005.

The NSCB Technical Staff and the Technical Committee on Poverty Statistics have recommended that these estimates be used as benchmark figures in monitoring the Millennium Development Goal on income poverty at the local level. These city- and municipal-level estimates also enhance and complement the official poverty statistics being released by the NSCB at the national, regional, and provincial levels.

The NSCB has been producing official poverty estimates since 1985, initially, at the national and regional levels, and then with provincial breakdown starting with the 1997 estimates. These are based on the income and expenditure data derived from the Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES), which are released by the National Statistics Office (NSO) every three years. However, since the FIES is only targeted to produce reliable estimates at the regional level, the standard errors of some of the results are quite large when estimating poverty at the provincial level. There has also been an increasing demand from policy makers and planners for a more disaggregated set of poverty statistics so that poverty reduction programs could be more effectively targeted to the areas in most need. The NSCB-WB project responds to this demand.

The methodology used by the Project was based on the small area estimation and poverty mapping technique developed by a WB research team, which combined survey and census data to produce reliable poverty estimates with a finer level of disaggregation. The data sources include the 2000 FIES, the 2000 Labor Force Survey (LFS), and the 2000 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), all conducted by NSO.

Based on the resulting estimates, the country’s 40 poorest municipalities in 2000 are given in Table 1. Majority of the municipalities that were considered poor in 2000 were in Mindanao, particularly in the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao. The full text of the report on the study, including the poverty incidences for the 1,623 cities and municipalities covered by the 2000 census, as well as the provincial poverty maps, can be accessed at the poverty page of the NSCB website at http://www.nscb.gov.ph/poverty.

In recognition of the usefulness of these small area estimates of poverty for the monitoring and evaluation of local development plans, and as part of the advocacy activity to promote the project’s outputs and the small area poverty estimation methodology, the NSCB conducted the Second National Dissemination Forum on the Poverty Mapping Project on 28 July 2006 in Davao City. While the first dissemination forum conducted in Manila in October 2005 was participated in by representatives from the national government agencies, the academe, non-government organizations, and local government units (LGUs) in Metro Manila and nearby regions, the second dissemination forum was aimed at raising awareness among the various stakeholders of poverty statistics in the Visayas and Mindanao areas.

The Davao forum focused on the importance, usefulness, and reliability of the small area estimation and poverty mapping techniques in coming up with poverty estimates at the city/municipal level. Three representatives from the World Bank Office Manila participated in the forum - Ms. Lorraine Hawkins, Lead Health Specialist; Mr. Karl Chua of the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management (PREM); and Mr. Cesar Banzon of the Human Development Sector. More than 60 other participants attended the activity, including representatives from the provincial government units, NEDA Regional Offices, and NSCB Regional Divisions in the Visayas and Mindanao regions, the media, non-government organizations, and the private sector. Copies of the published report were distributed to the participants.

 

ROMULO A. VIROLA
Secretary General

 

Contact Person:

Ms. Redencion M. Ignacio
Tel. No.: (+6 32) 896-5390
E-mail: rm.ignacio@nscb.gov.ph

 

Poverty Statistics Main Page

Download the full document and poverty maps

 

Table 1:  Poorest 40 Municipalities, 2000

Rank
(Poorest = 1)

Municipality

Poverty Incidence
(%)

Province

Region

1

Hadji Panglima Tahil (Marunggas)

89.7

Sulu

ARMM

2

Bulalacao (San Pedro)

87.1

Oriental Mindoro

Region IV

3

Mamasapano

85.6

Maguindanao

ARMM

4

Marogong

81.0

Lanao Del Sur

ARMM

5

South Upi

80.7

Maguindanao

ARMM

6

Talitay

80.1

Maguindanao

ARMM

7

Matanog

79.9

Maguindanao

ARMM

8

Piagapo

79.5

Lanao Del Sur

ARMM

9

Tineg

79.4

Abra

CAR

10

San Francisco (Aurora)

79.1

Quezon

Region IV

11

Pata

78.7

Sulu

ARMM

12

Tubaran

78.6

Lanao Del Sur

ARMM

13

Tongkil

78.5

Sulu

ARMM

14

Sultan Dumalondong

78.5

Lanao Del Sur

ARMM

15

Calanogas

78.5

Lanao Del Sur

ARMM

16

Binidayan

78.4

Lanao Del Sur

ARMM

17

Siayan

78.3

Zamboanga Del Norte

Region IX

18

Kapatagan

78.0

Lanao Del Sur

ARMM

19

Pandami

77.8

Sulu

ARMM

20

San Andres

77.7

Quezon

Region IV

21

Gen. S. K. Pendatun

77.4

Maguindanao

ARMM

22

Bumbaran

77.2

Lanao Del Sur

ARMM

23

Tinoc

76.4

Ifugao

CAR

24

Pagayawan (Tatarikan)

76.3

Lanao Del Sur

ARMM

25

Siasi

76.0

Sulu

ARMM

26

Talayan

75.9

Maguindanao

ARMM

27

Linapacan

75.9

Palawan

Region IV

28

Jomalig

75.7

Quezon

Region IV

29

Madalag

75.6

Aklan

Region VI

30

San Pascual

75.5

Masbate

Region V

31

Baliguian

75.2

Zamboanga Del Norte

Region IX

32

Sen. Ninoy Aquino

74.9

Sultan Kudarat

Region XII

33

Lugus

74.8

Sulu

ARMM

34

Maimbung

74.6

Sulu

ARMM

35

Libacao

74.6

Aklan

Region VI

36

Tapul

74.5

Sulu

ARMM

37

Sultan Sa Barongis (Lambayong)

74.4

Maguindanao

ARMM

38

Tagoloan

74.4

Lanao Del Norte

Region XII

39

Magsaysay

74.2

Lanao Del Norte

Region XII

40

Cawayan

74.0

Masbate

Region V

 

 

 

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