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 Press Release

Seven of the country’s poorest in 2000 out of the poorest list in 2003
(PR-200606-SS1-04, Posted 06 June 2006)

Seven of the ten poorest provinces in 2000, namely, Sulu, Ifugao, Lanao del Sur, Camiguin, Camarines Norte, Tawi-tawi, and Romblon, were able to cast off their “poorest” tags in 2003. Almost all of these seven provinces registered double-digit declines in their poverty incidences, except for Camarines Norte, which recorded a 6.5 percentage point decrease barely moving it out of the ten poorest. On the other hand, Masbate, Maguindanao, and Agusan del Sur remained in the ten poorest, with Masbate as the only province which had consistently been in the ten poorest since 1997. It must be noted though that poverty incidence of Masbate has been on a downhill since 1997. Table 1 below shows the data for the ten poorest provinces in 2000:

Table 1: 1997-2003 poverty incidences of the ten poorest provinces in 2000

Province 1997 2000 Revised 2003 Final Inc/Dec
2000 to 2003
Poverty Incidence Rank Poverty Incidence Rank Poverty Incidence Rank
Masbate 61.4 2 61.3 1 55.9 3 (5.4)
Maguindanao 41.6 27 59.3 2 60.4 2 1.1
Sulu 67.1 1 58.9 3 45.1 13 (13.8)
Ifugao 57.7 4 55.7 4 28.1 54 (27.6)
Lanao del Sur 55.6 7 54.7 5 37.6 25 (17.1)
Camiguin 32.5 49 54.2 6 34.5 33 (19.7)
Camarines Norte 49.7 10 52.7 7 46.1 11 (6.5)
Tawi-tawi 35.0 40 52.4 8 34.6 31 (17.8)
Agusan del Sur 45.3 15 52.3 9 52.8 5 0.5
Romblon 52.8 8 52.2 10 37.5 26 (14.8)

Note: The 1997 estimates have yet to be revised based on the refinements done on the 2000 and 2003 estimates.

 

Ten poorest provinces in 2003: Seven in Mindanao, two in Luzon, and one in Visayas

On the bleak side, new entrants in the ten poorest provinces in 2003 were: Zamboanga del Norte, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, Mt. Province, Biliran, and Lanao del Norte. The ten poorest were comprised of seven provinces in Mindanao, two in Luzon, and only one in the Visayas. Details on the ten poorest provinces in 2003 are shown in Table 2.

Of the ten poorest in 2003, Zamboanga del Norte posted the largest increase in poverty incidence from 47.0 to 64.6 percent. Masbate and Mt. Province, while included in the poorest, succeeded in reducing poverty as shown by the continuous downward trend in their poverty incidences from 1997 to 2003.

Table 2: 1997-2003 poverty incidences of the ten poorest provinces in 2003

Province 1997 2000 Revised 2003 Final Inc/Dec
2000 to 2003
Poverty Incidence Rank Poverty Incidence Rank Poverty Incidence Rank
Zamboanga del Norte 42.4 25 47.0 17 64.6 1 17.5
Maguindanao 41.6 27 59.3 2 60.4 2 1.1
Masbate 61.4 2 61.3 1 55.9 3 (5.4)
Surigao del Norte 46.9 12 42.6 23 54.5 4 11.9
Agusan del Sur 45.3 15 52.3 9 52.8 5 0.5
Surigao del Sur 45.2 17 38.4 35 48.6 6 10.2
Misamis Occidental 43.3 21 46.8 18 48.1 7 1.2
Mt. Province 56.6 5 48.4 15 46.7 8 (1.7)
Biliran 39.6 31 33.3 44 46.5 9 13.3
Lanao del Norte 45.2 16 49.3 12 46.5 10 (2.9)

Note: The 1997 estimates have yet to be revised based on the refinements done on the 2000 and 2003 estimates.

 

Ten least poor provinces/areas in 2003: All are in Luzon

While most of the ten poorest provinces in 2003 were found in Mindanao, the ten least poor provinces were all in Luzon, as Table 3 would show. It is notable that the “richest” provinces are those that are situated just outside the periphery of Metro Manila such as Rizal, Laguna, Bulacan, and Cavite, except for Batanes and Nueva Vizcaya from up north. Rizal recorded the lowest incidence, with only 3.4 percent of families living in poverty.

Table 3: Ten least poor provinces/areas in 2003

Province/District Poverty Incidence Among Families
Estimates (%) Coefficient of Variation 90% Confidence Interval
2000 Revised 2003 Final
2000 Revised 2003 Final Inc/ Dec 2000 Revised 2003 Final Lower Limit Upper Limit Lower Limit Upper Limit
Rizal 5.6 3.4 (2.3) 21.3 19.0 3.7 7.6 2.3 4.4
1st District - NCR 5.8 3.8 (2.1) 21.6 25.9 3.8 7.9 2.2 5.4
4th District - NCR 4.9 4.5 (0.5) 15.6 15.1 3.7 6.2 3.3 5.6
3rd District - NCR 9.4 5.0 (4.4) 13.8 17.2 7.3 11.6 3.6 6.4
2nd District - NCR 4.1 5.8 1.6 16.5 16.9 3.0 5.3 4.2 7.4
Batanes 10.4 6.3 (4.2) 36.5 a 4.2 16.7 a a
Laguna 8.1 8.4 0.3 14.4 14.6 6.2 10.0 6.4 10.4
Bulacan 5.4 8.5 3.2 15.7 14.7 4.0 6.8 6.5 10.6
Cavite 10.2 8.6 (1.6) 16.0 15.8 7.5 12.9 6.4 10.9
Nueva Vizcaya 16.5 9.2 (7.3) 28.8 27.4 8.7 24.3 5.0 13.3

a – No CV and confidence interval were computed since only one sample household was classified as poor.

 

National trend in poverty: From 28 poor families out of 100, down to 24

National level estimates, as presented in Table 4, indicates that approximately 24 out of 100 Pinoy families did not earn enough in 2003 to satisfy their basic food and non-food requirements. This was a slight improvement from the 2000 situation wherein 28 out of 100 families experienced income shortfall from the poverty threshold. The decrease by 3.1 percent in poverty incidence translated to a corresponding decrease by around 124,000 in the number of Pinoy families straining to make ends meet.

Table 4: Incidence and magnitude of poverty, Philippines, 2000 and 2003

Statistics Point Estimates CV 90% Confidence Interval
2000 Revised 2003 Final
2000 Revised 2003 Final Inc/ Dec 2000 Revised 2003 Final Lower Limit Upper Limit Lower Limit Upper Limit
Poverty threshold (P) 11,458 12,309 7.4            
Poverty incidence (%)              
   Family 27.5 24.4 (3.1) 1.6 1.3 26.8 28.2 23.9 24.9
   Population 33.0 30.0 (3.0) 1.5 1.3 32.2 33.8 29.4 30.7
Magnitude of poor (in million)            
   Family 4.15 4.02 (3.0) 1.6 1.4 4.03 4.25 3.93 4.12
   Population 25.47 23.84 (6.4) 1.6 1.4 24.80 26.10 23.30 24.40
Subsistence incidence (%)            
   Family 12.3 10.2 (2.1) 2.6 2.3 11.8 12.8 9.8 10.5
   Population 15.8 13.5 (2.3) 2.5 2.2 15.2 16.5 13.1 14.0
Magnitude of subsistence poor (in million)          
   Family 1.85 1.65 (10.6) 2.6 2.3 1.77 1.93 1.61 1.74
   Population 12.20 10.75 (11.9) 2.6 2.3 11.70 12.70 10.40 11.20

In terms of population, 30 out of 100 Filipinos in 2003 had income short of the minimum cost of satisfying the basic requirements, an improvement from 2000 in which 33 out of 100 Filipinos had income below the poverty threshold. This translated to a 1.6 million decrease in the magnitude of Filipinos living below the poverty line.

The estimates presented are part of the latest official poverty statistics released by the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) based on the final results of the 2003 Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES). The FIES, a regular survey conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO) every three years, is the main source of income and expenditure data used for poverty estimation.

 

ROMULO A. VIROLA
Secretary General

 

Contact Persons:

Ms. Redencion M. Ignacio or Ms. Glenita V. Amoranto
Tel. No.: 896-5390
E-mail: rm.ignacio@nscb.gov.ph or gv.amoranto@nscb.gov.ph

 

 

NSCB Resolution No. 11, Series of 2006

Final provincial poverty estimates for 2003

Some notes on the computation
of the final provincial poverty estimates for 2003

 

 

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