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Poverty Statistics 

HIGHLIGHTS
Poverty Incidence: 1997 and 2000

Poverty incidence in the country or the proportion of families with per capita incomes below the poverty threshold increased from 28.1 percent in 1997 to 28.4 percent in 2000, up by 0.3 percentage points.

As a proportion to the population, poverty incidence was placed at 34.0 percent in 2000, a deterioration by 1.0 percentage point from 33.0 percent in 1997.

10 Poorest Provinces in Year 2000

The resulting estimates based on the newly approved poverty methodology showed that among the 81 provinces in the country (including the 4 districts of NCR), Sulu consistently posted the highest poverty incidence in 1997 and 2000 with 67.1 and 63.2 percent, respectively.  Also among the poorest provinces in 2000 are Masbate (62.8%), Tawi-Tawi (56.5%); Ifugao (55.6%),and Romblon (55.2%). 

Also included among the poorest provinces are Maguindanao (55.1%), Lanao del Sur (55.0%), Sultan Kudarat (54.3%), Camiguin (53.1%), and Camarines Norte (52.7%).

All four provinces of ARMM are among the 10 poorest provinces in the country.  Also included are 2 of the 6 provinces in the Bicol region.

Table 1. 10 Poorest Provinces in Year 2000

Province

1997

2000

Inc/Dec (%)

Rank 97

Rank '00

Sulu

67.1

63.2

(3.9)

1

1

Masbate

61.4

62.8

1.4

2

2

Tawi-tawi

35.0

56.5

21.5

40

3

Ifugao 57.7 55.6 (2.1) 4 4

Romblon

52.8

55.2

2.4

8

5

Maguindanao

41.6

55.1

13.5

27

6

Lanao del Sur

55.6

55.0

(0.6)

7

7

Sultan Kudarat

36.6

54.3

17.7

38

8

Camiguin

32.5

53.1

20.6

49

9

Camarines Norte

49.7

52.7

3.0

10

10

Source: Social Sectors B Division, NSCB

10 Least Poor Provinces in Year 2000

The 2nd District (Mandaluyong, Marikina, Pasig, Quezon City, and San Juan) and 4th District (Las Piñas, Makati, Muntinlupa, Parañaque, Pasay City, Pateros, and Taguig) of NCR, posted the lowest poverty incidence with 4.1 and 4.9 percent, respectively.  This is followed by Bulacan (5.4%), 1st District, NCR (Manila) (5.8%), and Batanes (7.5%).

Other provinces with low poverty incidence are: Rizal (8.0%), Laguna (8.6%), 3rd District, NCR (Valenzuala, Caloocan City, Malabon, Navotas) (9.0%), Bataan (9.9%), and Cavite (10.2%).

Table 2. 10 Least Poor Provinces in Year 2000

Province

1997

2000

Inc/Dec (%)

Rank 97

Rank '00

2nd District, NCR

4.5

4.1

(0.3)

81

81

4th District, NCR

4.6

4.9

0.3

79

80

Bulacan

8.3

5.4

(2.9)

73

79

1st District, NCR

5.7

5.8

0.1

78

78

Batanes

8.7

7.5

(1.2)

72

77

Rizal

8.3

8.0

(0.2)

74

76

Laguna

12.3

8.6

(3.7)

71

75

3rd District, NCR

4.6

9.0

4.4

80

74

Bataan

7.7

9.9

2.3

76

73

Cavite

8.0

10.2

2.1

75

72

Source: Social Sectors B Division, NSCB

At the Regional Level

In urban areas, poverty incidence stood still at 15.0 percent in 1997 and 2000.  In rural areas,  poverty worsened by 3.56 percentage points from 39.9 percent to 41.4 percent.

Table 3. Poverty Incidence (%) by Region, 1997 and 2000

Region 1997 2000
Philippines 28.1 28.4
NCR - National Capital Region 4.8 5.7
Region I 31.4 29.6
Region II 27.1 24.8
Region III 13.9 17.0
Region IV 22.8 20.8
Region V 46.9 49.0
Region VI 37.2 37.8
Region VII 29.8 32.3
Region VIII 39.9 37.8
Region IX 31.9 38.3
Region X 37.8 32.9
Region XI 31.1 31.5
Region XII 45.3 48.4
CAR 35.9 31.1
ARMM 50.0 57.0
Caraga 44.7 42.9

*Poverty incidence refers to the proportion of families (or population) with per capita income less than the per capita poverty threshold to the total number of families (popualtion)..

Source: Social Sectors B Division, NSCB

At the National Level

Poverty incidence in the country or the proportion of families with per capita incomes below the poverty threshold was placed at 28.1 percent in 1997 and 28.4 percent in 2000.  This means that in 2000, 4.3 million families or 26.5 million Filipinos, more than one-third (34.0%) of the country’s population were living below the poverty line.  These figures indicate an increase over the 1997 levels of 4.0 million families or 24.0 million Filipinos striving to make ends meet.

The annual per capita poverty threshold or the amount required to satisfy food and non-food basic needs reached P11,605 in 2000, an 18 percent increase over the 1997 threshold of P9,843.  Thus, a family of five (5) members should have a monthly income of P4,835 to meet their food and non-food basic needs.

In urban areas, poverty incidence stood still at 15.0 percent in 1997 and 2000.  In rural areas,  poverty worsened by 1.5 percentage points from 39.9 percent to 41.4 percent.

For further inquiries, please contact Ms. Redencion M. Ignacio or Ms. Jessamyn O. Encarnacion of the NSCB at telephone number (632) 896-5390 or at rm.ignacio@nscb.gov.ph or jo.encarnacion@nscb.gov.ph.

Notes on this Release:

  1. The estimates were computed using a new provincial poverty methodology approved by the NSCB Executive Board last 15 January 2003.
  2. These statistics are prepared by the NSCB Technical Staff and as such are official.
  3. Districts of NCR cover the ff:

 

Poverty Statistics

 Main Page

 Estimates of Local Poverty: Download Document and Maps

 2003-2004 Thresholds
  • Poverty Thresholds
  • Food Thresholds

  • Notes

 2000-2002 Highlights
  • Poverty Thresholds
  • Food Thresholds

 1997 & 2000 Highlights
  • Poverty Thresholds
  • Poverty Incidence
  • Food Thresholds
  • Subsistence Incidence

  • Income Gap
  • Poverty Gap
  • Severity of Poverty
  • Gini Coefficient

  • Provincial Poverty Statistics

Poorest 44 Provinces in Year 2000

Poverty Mapping

Notes on the Official Poverty Statistics in the Philippines

Technical Committee

             
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