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Standards and Classification Systems 

Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC)

The PSOC is a statistical classification of the different occupational groups of the working population, including the military workforce.

It serves the needs of statistical operations and activities, such as censuses and surveys, job placement and recruitment services, vocational training and guidance, immigration purposes and related activities.

It also provides a basis for manpower/educational planning and policy decision-making.

For classification purposes, an occupation is defined as the "type of work a person does to earn his living." What a man does for a living defines the occupational classification group where he belongs irrespective of the industry in which he is employed. In the case of a person with dual activity, three criteria may be used to determine the principal activity he is engaged in: time, skill (where applicable) and income.

Titles, Definitions and Codes

The titles of the occupational groups are rendered in descriptive form and account has been taken of common English usage. In some cases, however, variations in national terminology have been made. Thus, to identify positively the scope of an occupation or group and the types of workers covered, the corresponding definition must be consulted.

The definition of an occupation is given in the form of a short opening statement describing the general functions of the occupation followed by an enumeration of the main tasks performed. Some of the relevant occupational titles are listed as examples. In most cases, examples are also given of the occupations which, although related in some way to those belonging to the unit group in question, are classified elsewhere.

The codes serve as symbols not only to denote levels of occupational groupings, but also to give some indications of the nature of the occupations covered.

Structure of the Classification

The classification structure consists of four levels:

The major groups comprising the 1992 PSOC are as follows:

  1. Officials of Government and Special-Interest Organizations, Corporate Executives, Managers, Managing Proprietors and Supervisors
  2. Professionals
  3. Technicians and Associate Professionals
  4. Clerks
  5. Service Workers and Shop and Market Sales Workers
  6. Farmers, Forestry Workers and Fishermen
  7. Trades and Related Workers
  8. Plant and machine Operators and Assemblers
  9. Laborers and Unskilled Workers
  10. Special Occupation

Each occupation or occupational group is identified by a unique code number. The first digit represents the major group; the first and second digits taken together, sub-major group; the first, second and third digits, taken together, minor group and all four digits, unit group.

Example:

3472 - Radio, television and other announcers

Major group - 3 - Technicians and associate professionals

Sub-major group - 34 - Related associate professionals

Minor group - 347 - Artistic, entertainment and sports associate professionals

Unit group - 3472 - Radio, television and other announcers

Parts of the 1992 PSOC

The 1992 PSOC publication contains the following:

 

Classifications and Standards
Main Page
Philippine Central Product Classification (PCPC)
Philippine Standard Classification of Education (PSCEd)
Philippine Standard Commodity Classification (PSCC)
Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC)
Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC)
Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC)
Philippine Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (PCOICOP)
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Makati City, Philippines